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A series of thapsigargin (TG) analogues, containing an amino acid applicable for conjugation to a peptide specifically cleaved by prostate-specific antigen (PSA), has been prepared to develop the drug-moiety of prodrugs for treatment of prostatic cancer. The analogues were synthesized by converting TG into O-8-debutanoylthapsigargin (DBTG) and esterifying(More)
The expression of Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) mRNA was assessed in the normal bladder urothelium (n = 9), transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) specimens (n = 52), TCC-derived cell lines (n = 3), and preoperative blood samples from TCC patients (n = 27). Specific PSMA mRNA was found in 100% of normal and malignant tissues and two cell lines. PSMA(More)
Carotenoid accumulation and biosynthetic gene expression levels during fruit maturation were compared between ordinary Valencia (VAL) and its more deeply colored mutant Rohde Red Valencia orange (RRV). The two cultivars exhibited different carotenoid profiles and regulatory mechanisms in flavedo and juice sacs, respectively. In flavedo, there was(More)
Carotenoids are abundant in citrus fruits and vary among cultivars and species. In the present study, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to investigate the expression patterns of 23 carotenoid biosynthesis gene family members and their possible relation with carotenoid accumulation in fresh(More)
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