Antoine F Carpentier

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The most frequent primary brain tumours in adults are gliomas and primary CNS lymphomas. In gliomas, molecular genetic analysis plays an increasing part in classification and treatment planning, a feature well illustrated by the chemosensitive oligodendrogliomas. Unfortunately, management of glioblastoma is still mainly palliative. Incidence of primary CNS(More)
PURPOSE Anaplastic oligodendrogliomas are more responsive to chemotherapy than high-grade astrocytomas. We investigated, in a multicenter randomized controlled trial, whether adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy improves overall survival (OS) in newly diagnosed patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas or anaplastic(More)
BACKGROUND Standard therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma is radiotherapy plus temozolomide. In this phase 3 study, we evaluated the effect of the addition of bevacizumab to radiotherapy-temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma. METHODS We randomly assigned patients with supratentorial glioblastoma to receive intravenous(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 50% of glioblastomas (GBMs) are characterized by overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and EGFR gene amplification. In approximately 25% of instances, constitutively activated EGFR mutants are present. These observations make EGFR-inhibiting drugs a logical approach for trials in recurrent GBM. PATIENTS AND(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg), which constitute about 2–3% of CD4+ human T cells, are the main contributors to the maintenance of immune tolerance. Cancer patients, including glioblastoma patients, bear increased number of circulating and tumor infiltrating Treg that exert functional inhibition on tumor-specific T cells. Temozolomide (TMZ) is one of(More)
Serial magnetic resonance images of 27 patients with untreated World Health Organization grade II oligodendrogliomas or mixed gliomas were reviewed retrospectively to study the kinetics of tumor growth before anaplastic transformation. Analysis of the mean tumor diameters over time showed constant growth. Linear regression, using a mixed model, found an(More)
PURPOSE This phase III open-label study compared the efficacy and safety of enzastaurin versus lomustine in patients with recurrent glioblastoma (WHO grade 4). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to receive 6-week cycles of enzastaurin 500 mg/d (1,125-mg loading dose, day 1) or lomustine (100 to 130 mg/m(2), day 1). Assuming a 45%(More)
Search for loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 1p, 9p, 10q, and 19q, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification, and p53 expression was performed in a series of 131 low-grade gliomas. The profile of molecular changes, clinical findings, and histology were subsequently correlated with the course of the disease, mainly progression-free(More)
Phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides with CpG motifs (CpG-ODNs) activate various immune cell subsets and induce production of numerous cytokines. To evaluate whether CpG-ODNs can induce rejection of established tumors, Lewis rats were inoculated intracerebrally with syngeneic CNS-1 glioma cells and subsequently injected with CpG-ODNs into the tumor bed.(More)
Immunostimulating oligonucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG-ODN) have shown promising antitumor activity in preclinical glioma models. CpG motifs are specifically recognized by the Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), mainly expressed in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and B cells. Expression of TLR9 within human glioma samples has not been investigated. As(More)