Learn More
The influence of the isolation procedure of hepatocytes, extracellular matrix (ECM) configuration and incubation medium supplementation by dexamethasone (DEX) on the cell morphology and on the gene expression of membrane transporters was examined in rat hepatocytes. The mRNA levels were determined using oligonucleotide microarrays, in liver, in suspension(More)
We have used high-density oligonucleotide probe arrays (chips) for bacterial transcript imaging. We designed a chip containing probes representing 106 Hemophilus influenzae genes and 100 Streptococcus pneumoniae genes. The apparent lack of polyadenylated transcripts excludes enrichment of mRNA by affinity purification and we thus used total, chemically(More)
In bacteria, adaptive responses to environmental stimuli are often initiated by two-component signal transduction systems (TCS). The prototypical TCS comprises two proteins: a histidine kinase (HK, hk) and a response regulator (RR rr). Recent research has suggested that compounds that inhibit two-component systems might have good antibacterial activity. In(More)
We have identified in the Streptococcus pneumoniae genome sequence a two-component system (TCS13, Blp [bacteriocin-like peptide]) which is closely related to quorum-sensing systems regulating cell density-dependent phenotypes such as the development of genetic competence or the production of antimicrobial peptides in lactic acid bacteria. In this study we(More)
Transcriptional activation of the recA gene of Streptococcus pneumoniae was previously shown to occur at competence. A 5.7 kb recA-specific transcript that contained at least two additional genes, cinA and dinF, was identified. We now report the complete characterization of the recA operon and investigation of the role of the competence-specific induction(More)
The ciaR-ciaH system is one of 13 two-component signal-transducing systems of the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae. Mutations in the histidine protein kinase CiaH confer increased resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and interfere with the development of genetic competence. In order to identify the genes controlled by the cia system, the cia(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a major causative agent of serious human diseases. The worldwide increase of antibiotic resistant strains revealed the importance of horizontal gene transfer in this pathogen, a scenario that results in the modulation of the species-specific gene pool. We investigated genomic variation in 20 S. pneumoniae isolates(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal meningitis is associated with high mortality (approximately 30%) and morbidity. Up to 50% of survivors are affected by neurological sequelae due to a wide spectrum of brain injury mainly affecting the cortex and hippocampus. Despite this significant disease burden, the genetic program that regulates the host response leading to brain(More)
We have constructed a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) library using high-molecular-weight DNA prepared from agarose-embedded leaf protoplasts of the maize inbred line UE95. This library contains 79,000 clones with an average insert size of 145 kb and should therefore represent approximately three haploid genome equivalents. The library is organised as an(More)
trpG of Bacillus subtilis encodes a glutamine amidotransferase subunit that is involved in the synthesis of both folic acid and L-tryptophan. Expression of trpG is negatively regulated by tryptophan even though this gene is located within a folic acid biosynthetic operon. Examination of both transcriptional and translational gene fusions to lacZ involving(More)