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OBJECTIVE To measure the use of infertility treatments in the general population and their association with neonatal health. DESIGN Cross-sectional, population-based study. SETTING Canton of Vaud, Switzerland; Etude du Developpement des Nouveau-nés (EDEN), a prospective study of chronic childhood conditions. PATIENT(S) Six thousand four hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE Critical care is a working environment with frequent exposure to stressful events. High levels of psychological stress have been associated with increased prevalence of burnout. Psychological distress acts as a potent trigger of cortisol secretions. We attempted to objectify endocrine stress reactivity. DESIGN Observational cohort study during(More)
The relative role of perinatal factors (birthweight, gestational age, gender, asphyxia, mechanical ventilation and cerebral lesions), developmental factors (neuromotor development during the first 18 months of life) and environmental factors (socio-economic status and bilingualism) on cognitive abilities was evaluated in a cohort of preterm children who had(More)
During an 18 month period, 120 preterm infants of 34 weeks' gestation or less were prospectively examined for periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) by cerebral ultrasound. Neurological and developmental assessment was carried out at 18 months of age corrected for prematurity in 82 surviving neonates. The developmental outcome (Griffiths development quotient)(More)
Two groups of 41 children with high perinatal risk were studied. All children of the study group (SG) had neurodevelopmental abnormalities (NDA) at the age of 5 years, without major handicap. The control group (CG) consisted of 41 children matched for sex, neonatal pathology, birthweight, gestational age and socioeconomic status, without NDA at 5 years. In(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare, under the same nursing conditions, the energy-nitrogen balance and the protein turnover in small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) low birthweight infants. We compared 8 SGA's (mean +/- s.d.: gestational age 35 +/- 2 weeks, birthweight 1520 +/- 330 g) to 11 AGA premature infants(More)
In a crossover trial left ventricular output (LVO), cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), and resistance index (RI) of the anterior cerebral artery were compared using Doppler ultrasonography, in eight preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during conventional mechanical ventilation and high frequency oscillation. LVO was 14% to 18% lower(More)
The aim of this study was to validate the accuracy of real-time ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). US changes of PVL were correlated with autopsy results. During a 12-month period, all premature infants of 34 weeks' gestation or less (group A) and all neonates of more than 34 weeks' gestation who presented with abnormal(More)
Twenty-five asphyxiated term babies were investigated in order to evaluate the prediction of their neurodevelopmental outcome by means of computerized tomography (CT) as compared to neurological symptoms during the neonatal period. Low density (LD) areas, thought to represent hypoxicischaemic lesions, were assessed quantitatively by means of a LD score(More)