Antje Grossmann

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An increase in cytosolic free calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) is one of the earliest events to occur in T lymphocytes following stimulation of the transmembrane T cell receptor/CD3 complex (TCR/CD3). This [Ca(2+)](i) mobilization has been found to be sensitive to intracellular thiol redox status, which in turn is modulated by cellular glutathione (GSH) content. We(More)
The intracellular low-molecular-weight thiol glutathione (GSH) is an important scavenger of free radicals and plays a role in the maintenance of the redox status of protein sulfhydryl groups. We have previously shown that human peripheral blood lymphocytes sorted on their basal GSH content proliferate proportionately to their GSH levels, and that an early(More)
Measurement of intracellular ionized calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) has been indispensable in elucidating the central role of [Ca2+]i as a trigger of cellular responses to activating stimuli. Such studies have employed the dye quin2, which has not been readily adapted to analysis of individual small cells. We show here that the calcium response of large(More)
The binding of antibody to the CD4 molecule inhibits mobilization of cytoplasmic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in response to CD3 cross-linking on resting T cells. Similarly, when CD3 and CD4 are independently and simultaneously cross-linked, calcium mobilization is inhibited when compared to that induced by cross-linking CD3 alone. In contrast, when anti-CD4 and(More)
The effect of caloric restriction (from weaning to old age) on CD3-stimulated CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocyte proliferation and calcium mobilization was examined. Young ad libitum (ad lib) fed, old ad lib fed, old calorically restricted, and old calorically restricted mice which were fed ad lib during the last 6 weeks of their life (restricted/refed) were compared(More)
The influence of aging and dietary restriction on increase in intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) of CD4+ lymphocytes from Macaca mulatta was examined after stimulation with anti-CD3 mAb. We used a flow cytometric assay with the dye indo-1 and either direct or reciprocal immunofluorescent staining to identify CD4+ cells. After stimulation with anti-CD3(More)
Early events in both T-cell receptor (CD3)- and CD4-induced signal transduction pathways include tyrosine phosphorylation of protein substrates, the generation of phosphatidylinositol-phosphate breakdown products, and the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+. Oxidative stress in T cells mediated by sulfhydryl-reactive nonpolar maleimides was shown previously(More)
Cross-linking of the T-cell receptor (CD3) induces activation of tyrosine kinases and the subsequent phosphorylation of intracellular protein substrates. We examined whether early events in signal transduction through CD3 or CD3 x CD4 receptor ligation were altered in aged murine T-lymphocytes. Both calcium mobilization and tyrosine phosphorylation of(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from elderly donors have a reduced proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) compared to those from young donors. To examine whether this is due to intrinsic deficiencies in proliferative potential of T-cell subsets, we compared the growth of unsorted PBL vs sorted CD4+ or(More)