Antimo Migliaccio

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In NIH3T3 cells, 0.001 nM of the synthetic androgen R1881 induces and stimulates association of androgen receptor (AR) with Src and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (Pl3-kinase), respectively, thereby triggering S-phase entry. 10 nM R1881 stimulates Rac activity and membrane ruffling in the absence of the receptor-Src-PI3-kinase complex assembly. The(More)
BACKGROUND Substance P (SP) is a pleiotropic cytokine/neuropeptide that enhances breast cancer (BC) aggressiveness by transactivating tyrosine kinase receptors like EGFR and HER2. We previously showed that SP and its cognate receptor NK-1 (SP/NK1-R) signaling modulates the basal phosphorylation of HER2 and EGFR in BC, increasing aggressiveness and drug(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen receptor (AR) controls male morphogenesis, gametogenesis and prostate growth as well as development of prostate cancer. These findings support a role for AR in cell migration and invasiveness. However, the molecular mechanism involved in AR-mediated cell migration still remains elusive. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Mouse embryo(More)
In breast cancer cells, cytoplasmic localization of the estradiol receptor alpha (ERalpha) regulates estradiol-dependent S phase entry. We identified a nuclear export sequence (NES) in ERalpha and show that its export is dependent on both estradiol-mediated phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT activation and chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1). A Tat(More)
Estradiol receptor plays a key role in breast cancer and specific hormonal therapies blocking the receptor functions have been developed. Unfortunately, many patients become resistant to this treatment and develop metastatic breast tumors. The causes of breast tumor progression and hormonal therapy resistance are still debated. Many proteins are(More)
Estradiol rapidly activates Src as well as the Src-dependent pathway in human mammary cancer-derived MCF-7 cells, in human prostate cancer-derived LNCaP cells and in Cos cells transiently expressing hERs [EMBO J. 15 (1996) 1292; EMBO J. 17 (1998) 2008]. In addition, estradiol immediately stimulates, yes, an ubiquitous member of the Src kinase family, in(More)
Steroid receptors act as ligand-dependent transcriptional factors. It has been observed that in addition to responding to cognate hormones with transcription activation, once hormone bound they are also capable of rapid responses following association with signaling effectors in the extra nuclear compartment. This novel aspect of steroid hormone action(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) is a ligand-regulated transcription factor that controls human breast cancer cell proliferation. About 60-70% of human breast cancers express ER. In spite of major progress in the therapy of human breast cancer, many patients become resistant to pharmacologic treatments and develop metastatic breast tumors. Several mechanisms have(More)
Sex-steroid hormones trigger association of their receptors with signalling effectors. Remarkably, various hormonal effects, such as DNA synthesis of different cell types are evoked by this association. In mammary and prostate cancer cells, EGF, androgen or estradiol trigger the assembly of AR/ER/Src complex. SH2-Src interacts with a phosphotyrosine residue(More)
Quercetin and 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) are promising anti-cancer substances. Our previous in vitro study showed that quercetin synergized with 2-Methoxyestradiol exhibiting increased antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity in both androgen-dependent LNCaP and androgen-independent PC-3 human prostate cancer cell lines. In the present study, we(More)