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A critical requirement for integration of retroviruses, other than HIV and possibly related lentiviruses, is the breakdown of the nuclear envelope during mitosis. Nuclear envelope breakdown occurs during mitotic M-phase, the envelope reforming immediately after cell division, thereby permitting the translocation of the retroviral preintegration complex into(More)
Selection of transgenic embryos prior to embryo transfer is a means to increase the efficiency of transgenic livestock production. Among transgenic reporters, cytoplasmic expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) has features that make it ideal for transgenic embryo selection. The primary objective of this study was to assess cytoplasmic expression of a(More)
Profiling of microRNA expression in human cancers has highlighted downregulation of miR-145 as a common event in epithelial malignancies. Here, we describe recurrent underexpression of miR-145 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the identification of a biological pathway by which miR-145 exerts its functional effects in liver tumorigenesis. In a cohort of(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to profile the expressions of 156 microRNAs (miRNA) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to characterize the functions of miR-222, the most significantly upregulated candidate identified. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN miRNA expression profile in HCC tumors, matching adjacent cirrhotic livers, and cell lines was conducted using quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Small non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) are increasingly recognized to play important roles in tumorigenesis. With the advent of deep sequencing, efforts have been put forth to profile the miRNome in a number of human malignancies. However, information on ncRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially the non-microRNA transcripts, is still(More)
We have identified a novel cDNA encoding a protein (named TX) with > 50% overall sequence identity with the interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) and approximately 30% sequence identity with the ICE homologs NEDD-2/ICH-1L and CED-3. A computer homology model of TX was constructed based on the X-ray coordinates of the ICE crystal recently published.(More)
Homozygous deletion screening has been widely utilized to define tumour suppressor genes (TSGs) in cancers. Although these biallelic deletions are infrequent, their identification has facilitated the discovery of many important TSGs. We have systematically examined the genome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a highly malignant tumour that is rapidly(More)
Among cell adhesion molecules, the classic Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif is the best studied. We used combinatorial chemical and affinity immunochemical methods to find a novel motif of unnatural peptide ligands for the fibrinogen receptor of platelets, gpIIbIIIa (alphaIIbbeta3). The new d-amino acid motif, p(f/y)l, is unique among the ligands that bind the RGD(More)
The aggregation and structural properties of the synthetic C-terminal half [Ala330, Ala350(270-373; 104-mer)] polypeptide from HIV-1 p24gag were studied. In concentrated solutions the synthetic polypeptide aggregated to tetramers which, upon dilution, gave a mixture of monomeric and dimeric and dimeric species. These results correlated well with the in(More)
The contiguous trbJ and trbK genes of RP1 were cloned individually to study their effects. Surface exclusion was conferred only by trbK and only when gene dosage was high or when trbJ was also present in cis or in trans. This suggests that in the low-copy-number RP1, surface exclusion is due to a two-gene interaction in which trbK is the dominant partner.(More)
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