Anthony Verity

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was produced by the spontaneously immortal Schwann cell clone, iSC, when cocultured with PC12 cells. The iSC cell-derived IL-6 in coculture conditioned media caused the neuronal differentiation of naive PC12 cells and this bioactivity was neutralized by preincubation of conditioned media with antisera to IL-6. Cocultured iSC transcribe(More)
We have monitored glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) secretion from rat C6 glioblastoma cells by ELISA. Representative cytokines, neurotrophins, growth factors, neuropeptides, and pharmacological agents were tested for their ability to modulate GDNF release. Whereas most factors tested had minimal effect, a 24-h treatment with fibroblast(More)
To address the regulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) gene expression, we have isolated 5' extended cDNAs, cloned the human GDNF gene, and characterized the promoter. GDNF-encoding 5' extended cDNAs containing a novel exon were isolated via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of mRNA from human fetal kidney and(More)
We have conditionally immortalized oligodendrocytes isolated from normal and shiverer primary mouse brain cultures through the use of the retroviral vector ZIPSVtsA58. This vector encodes an immortalizing thermolabile simian virus 40 large T antigen (Tag) and allows for clonal selection by conferring neomycin (G418) resistance. We isolated 14 shiverer and(More)
Expression of mRNAs for the two major myelin proteins, myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP), was examined in a number of regions of the developing mouse brain using in situ hybridization. In general, MBP and PLP mRNAs were observed to be coexpressed during ontogeny, prior to the histological appearance of myelin. Expression of both mRNAs(More)
The studies reported here present evidence for the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by an oligodendroglial cell line and of NGF by oligodendrocytes in mouse primary culture. An immortalized oligodendroglial cell line (N19) expressing markers for immature oligodendrocytes stimulated PC12 cells to elaborate(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and collagen tubulization (CT) on the regeneration of transected peripheral nerves. METHODS AND DESIGNS: The left sciatic nerve of 40 Sprague-Dawley rats was transected then repaired using one of four techniques; epineurial coaptation, CT, CT with BDNF delivered by an osmotic(More)
The role of the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (p75(NGFR)) in NGF-mediated signaling is not yet understood. Here we show by co-immunoprecipitation that NGF activates a protein kinase that is directly associated with p75(NGFR) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells and PC12 cells in culture. Two proteins of 120 and 104 kDa constitute the majority of(More)
The objective was to investigate the effects of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF) on peripheral nerve regeneration. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats underwent left sciatic nerve transection and repair according to three experimental groups: epineurial coaptation (EC), EC with BDNF delivered by an osmotic pump (EC-BDNF),(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP) gene expression was investigated in the murine dysmyelinating mutant, jimpy and age-matched normal mice. MBP and PLP mRNA expression was examined in several brain regions by in situ hybridization histochemistry between 10 and 20 days postpartum. The results showed a general reduction in both PLP and(More)