Anthony Upton

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) has its usual onset in early adult life (average age of 30 years), but age at clinical onset varies considerably. The implications of the age of onset on the clinical presentation and course of MS are unclear. This population-based retrospective study presents data from a group of 125 patients with onset of MS before age 16 years and(More)
BACKGROUND M01ZH09 (Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi [Ty2 aroC(-) ssaV(-)] ZH9) is a live oral-dose typhoid vaccine candidate. M01ZH09 was rationally modified with 2 independently attenuating mutations, including a novel mutation in Salmonella pathogenicity island (SPI)-2. We demonstrate that M01ZH09, in a single oral dose, is well tolerated and prompts(More)
M01ZH09, S. Typhi (Ty2 Delta aroC Delta ssaV) ZH9, is a single oral dose typhoid vaccine with independently attenuating deletions. A phase II randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalating trial evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of M01ZH09 to 1.7 x 10(10) colony-forming units (CFU). 187 Healthy adults received vaccine or placebo in four(More)
BACKGROUND The emergence of drug resistant typhoid fever is a major public health problem, especially in Asia. An oral single dose typhoid vaccine would have major advantages. M01ZH09 is a live oral single dose candidate typhoid vaccine containing Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Ty2 aroC(-)ssaV(-)) ZH9 with two independently attenuating deletions.(More)
AIM To determine the efficacy and safety of self-administered, inhaled analgesic, methoxyflurane, used to improve patient comfort during computed tomography enteroclysis (CTE). MATERIALS AND METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed at two Australian hospitals (one tertiary referral public hospital and one private(More)
Cinromide was evaluated versus placebo as add-on therapy in a double-blind crossover study in epileptic outpatients with partial seizures at three sites. Four-week base lines were used before, between, and after the two 12-week treatment periods of the crossover. An operational definition was used to classify each partial seizure as Type A, B, or C. Doses(More)
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