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PURPOSE Various measures are available to assess the tear film, yet little specific information is available on how they relate to each other. An exploratory study was undertaken to assess three measures and their relationship in non-contact lens wearers and in contact lens wearers. METHODS Forty-three young subjects (mean age, 25.0 +/- 3.1 years; 19 men(More)
Recent exome sequencing studies have implicated polymorphic Brg1-associated factor (BAF) complexes (mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes) in several human intellectual disabilities and cognitive disorders. However, it is currently unknown how mutations in BAF complexes result in impaired cognitive function. Postmitotic neurons express a(More)
BACKGROUND Scarring represents a significant biomedical burden in clinical medicine. Mechanomodulation has been linked to scarring through inflammation, but until now a systematic approach to attenuate mechanical force and reduce scarring has not been possible. METHODS The authors conducted a 12-month, prospective, open-label, randomized, multicenter(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) is an emerging technology for rapid identification of bacterial and fungal isolates. In comparison to conventional methods, this technology is much less labor intensive and can provide accurate and reliable results in minutes from a single isolated colony. We(More)
BACKGROUND The indications for tricuspid valve repair in the setting of mitral valve disease and concomitant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remain unclear. We examined patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR) to determine the effect of TR and tricuspid valve repair on survival, functional status, and postoperative TR. METHODS Between 1990 and(More)
BACKGROUND The Medtronic Hancock II and the Carpentier-Edwards Perimount are among the world's most commonly used aortic bioprostheses. However, a direct comparison of their clinical performance is lacking. To minimize biases inherent to between-center comparisons, we examined these prostheses within a large, contemporary, single-center cohort. METHODS(More)
A central challenge in the development of epigenetic cancer therapy is the ability to direct selectivity in modulating gene expression for disease-selective efficacy. To address this issue, we characterized by RNA-seq, DNA methylation, and ChIP-seq analyses the epigenetic response of a set of colon, breast, and leukemia cancer cell lines to small-molecule(More)
Implementation of the Verigene Gram-positive blood culture test led to reductions in time to acceptable antibiotic overall (1.9 versus 13.2 h, respectively; P=0.04) and time to appropriate antibiotic for patients with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (4.2 versus 43.7 h; P=0.006) and viridans group Streptococcus (0.2 versus 7.1 h; P=0.02).
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The purpose of this review is to discuss the role of established risk scores in assessing patient outcomes following high-risk mitral valve surgery. RECENT FINDINGS The use of risk calculators has become increasingly popular in cardiac surgery, particularly in assessing risk for sick patients for whom percutaneous therapies may be(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Isolated posterior leaflet prolapse of the mitral valve may present with more complex anatomy than limited middle scallop prolapse (P2). The study aim was to describe the incidence and surgical management of extensive or commissural posterior leaflet prolapse, in addition to long-term outcomes following repair. METHODS(More)