Anthony Spangenberger

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As the secretory source of vitamins, peptides and hormones for neurons, the choroid plexus (CP) epithelium critically provides substances for brain homeostasis. This distributive process of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume transmission reaches many cellular targets in the CNS. In ageing and ageing-related dementias, the CP-CSF system is less able to(More)
Evidence continues to build for the role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in reducing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) formation rate, and thus, intracranial pressure. ANP binds to choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cells. This generates cGMP, which leads to altered ion transport and the slowing of CSF production. Binding sites for ANP in CP are plentiful and(More)
Cystatin C, a cysteine protease inhibitor produced by the choroid plexus and found in CSF at high concentrations, may have an important role in brain injury. We used the two-vessel occlusion model with hypotension to induce transient forebrain ischemia (TFI) in rats for 10 min and then examined cystatin C immuno-like reactivity (CC-IR) after 1, 3, 7 and 14(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of fat transplantation is not a new one in plastic surgery. Studies assessing fat graft viability following transplantation, however, have yielded conflicting observations. The present study evaluated the long-term fate of transplanted autologous fat using a novel facial augmentation model the authors have developed in the rabbit. (More)
Any animal model of a human congenital anomaly established by iatrogenic methods involving intrauterine fetal manipulation has limited clinical applicability. A congenital model that more closely simulates the etiopathogenesis of a human anomaly may provide data that can more readily be extrapolated to that anomaly and, therefore, be used in diagnostic and(More)
We tested a variety of antioxidants as possible therapeutic agents in an acute CCl4 mouse model of hepatotoxicity. Liver damage, gauged by the amount of serum aminotransferase released into the blood, morphological changes, lethal dose response, and presence of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), were significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent(More)
The role of fetal surgery in the treatment of non-life-threatening congenital anomalies remains a source of much debate. Before such undertakings can be justified, models must be established that closely resemble the respective human anomalies, and the feasibility and safety of these in utero procedures must be demonstrated. The authors recently described(More)
BACKGROUND Proper wound healing is pivotal to successful surgical outcomes. Previous studies have shown that growth factors can be used to enhance tissue repair under impaired healing conditions. However, because of limited delivery methods, the growth factors in these studies were delivered either topically or as a single local administration. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Despite refinements in radiotherapy, radiation-impaired wound healing continues to be a major source of postoperative morbidity with few treatment options. The application of polypeptide growth factors has been investigated in both the clinical and laboratory settings. The authors used a novel sustained-release delivery system to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Failure of palatal shelf fusion at the precise gestational time point when shelf elevation and migration normally occur results in clefting. The present study defined the mechanism of clefting in the congenital caprine model by evaluating the temporal sequence of palatal shelf fusion. METHODS Six Spanish-type goats pregnant with twins were(More)