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Cystatin C, a cysteine protease inhibitor produced by the choroid plexus and found in CSF at high concentrations, may have an important role in brain injury. We used the two-vessel occlusion model with hypotension to induce transient forebrain ischemia (TFI) in rats for 10 min and then examined cystatin C immuno-like reactivity (CC-IR) after 1, 3, 7 and 14(More)
As the secretory source of vitamins, peptides and hormones for neurons, the choroid plexus (CP) epithelium critically provides substances for brain homeostasis. This distributive process of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume transmission reaches many cellular targets in the CNS. In ageing and ageing-related dementias, the CP-CSF system is less able to(More)
The role of fetal surgery in the treatment of non-life-threatening congenital anomalies remains a source of much debate. Before such undertakings can be justified, models must be established that closely resemble the respective human anomalies, and the feasibility and safety of these in utero procedures must be demonstrated. The authors recently described(More)
BACKGROUND Midfacial hypoplasia and growth disturbances following cleft palate repair are well-known consequences of the maxillary scarring inherent with each repair technique. The present study investigated the influence of in utero palatoplasty, and cleft repair in 6-week-old goats, on midfacial growth and bony palatal development in the authors'(More)
Any animal model of a human congenital anomaly established by iatrogenic methods involving intrauterine fetal manipulation has limited clinical applicability. A congenital model that more closely simulates the etiopathogenesis of a human anomaly may provide data that can more readily be extrapolated to that anomaly and, therefore, be used in diagnostic and(More)
Evidence continues to build for the role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in reducing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) formation rate, and thus, intracranial pressure. ANP binds to choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cells. This generates cGMP, which leads to altered ion transport and the slowing of CSF production. Binding sites for ANP in CP are plentiful and(More)
The role of fetal surgery in the management of congenital anomalies and intrauterine abnormalities is appropriately restricted on the basis of feasibility and risk-to-benefit analyses of intrauterine intervention. Recently, the authors demonstrated that in utero cleft palate repair of the congenital caprine model is technically feasible and results in(More)
We tested a variety of antioxidants as possible therapeutic agents in an acute CCl4 mouse model of hepatotoxicity. Liver damage, gauged by the amount of serum aminotransferase released into the blood, morphological changes, lethal dose response, and presence of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), were significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of fat transplantation is not a new one in plastic surgery. Studies assessing fat graft viability following transplantation, however, have yielded conflicting observations. The present study evaluated the long-term fate of transplanted autologous fat using a novel facial augmentation model the authors have developed in the rabbit. (More)
BACKGROUND Failure of palatal shelf fusion at the precise gestational time point when shelf elevation and migration normally occur results in clefting. The present study defined the mechanism of clefting in the congenital caprine model by evaluating the temporal sequence of palatal shelf fusion. METHODS Six Spanish-type goats pregnant with twins were(More)