Anthony Simon Turner

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Although the skeleton's adaptability to load-bearing has been recognized for over a century, the specific mechanical components responsible for strengthening it have not been identified. Here we show that after mechanically stimulating the hindlimbs of adult sheep on a daily basis for a year with 20-minute bursts of very-low-magnitude, high-frequency(More)
There is a great need to develop an animal model for postmenopausal osteoporosis; a model that will be useful for the understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the investigation of new therapies. The requirements for such an animal model are discussed and ones that have been used in the past include nonhuman primates, dogs, cats, rodents,(More)
The skeleton's sensitivity to mechanical stimuli represents a critical determinant of bone mass and morphology. We have proposed that the extremely low level (< 10 microstrain), high frequency (20-50 Hz) mechanical strains, continually present during even subtle activities such as standing are as important to defining the skeleton as the larger strains(More)
An animal model of human osteoporosis which adequately meets many of the criteria needed to test new therapeutic agents is currently unavailable. The old ewe may serve this purpose, as changes in bone remodeling occur within 3 months, and a difference in bone mass has been indicated 6 months after ovariectomy. In the current study, we have measured(More)
There is great interest in large animal models for studying different aspects of osteoporosis. Several laboratories around the world have used ovariectomized sheep as a model because of their ease of housing and handling, low expense compared to other large animals, availability and acceptance in society as a research animal. They have been used to study(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies have demonstrated a high rate of incomplete healing of rotator cuff tendon repair. Since healing of such a repair is dependent on bone ingrowth into the repaired tendon, we hypothesized that osteoinductive growth factors would improve rotator cuff tendon-healing. METHODS Seventy-two skeletally mature sheep underwent detachment(More)
Threaded lumbar interbody spinal fusion devices (TIBFD) made from titanium have been reported to be 90% effective for single-level lumbar interbody fusion, although radiographic determination of fusion has been intensely debated in the literature. Using blinded radiographic, biomechanic, histologic, and statistical measures, we evaluated a radiolucent(More)
BACKGROUND Most rotator cuff surgery is performed on chronic tears. As there is no animal model in which to examine the physiology of muscle and tendon injury and repair in this setting, we developed a chronic rotator cuff injury model in sheep. METHODS The infraspinatus tendon was released in thirty-six female sheep. Biopsy specimens were obtained from(More)
Changes in bone mineral density associated with estrogen depletion in humans do not account for all of the associated change in fracture risk, and it is possible that some of this variation may lie in changes of other aspects of bone quality. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in viscoelastic behavior of compact bone that may be associated(More)
As different large animal models of osteopenia and osteoporosis are explored, the use of DXA to rapidly, non-invasively and accurately estimate BMD will become widespread. We used DXA in live sheep and cadaveric material and the areas of trabecular bone that are most accessible on a simple, repeatable basis in the sheep were the lumbar vertebrae(More)