Anthony Sikes

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Among food-borne pathogens, some strains could be resistant to hydrostatic pressure treatment. This information is necessary to establish processing parameters to ensure safety of pressure-pasteurized foods (N. Kalchayanand, A. Sikes, C. P. Dunne, and B. Ray, J. Food Prot. 61:425-431, 1998). We studied variation in pressure resistance among strains of(More)
Sucrose laurates, sucrose palmitate, sucrose stearates, and monolaurin (Lauricidin) were evaluated for inhibitory effects against spores of Bacillus sp., Clostridium sporogenes PA3679, and Alicyclobacillus sp. in a model agar system. The combined treatment of sucrose laurate, high hydrostatic pressure, and mild heat was evaluated on spores of Bacillus and(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotics may enhance gastrointestinal health and immune function. The efficacy of different probiotic dosing strategies on colonization and persistence of probiotics is undefined. OBJECTIVE The authors assessed colonization and persistence of Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) DSM17938 (BioGaia AB, Stockholm, Sweden) after daily or(More)
High hydrostatic pressure, because it can kill microorganisms, is being investigated for potential use as a nonthermal food preservation method. The objective of this study was to determine the hydrostatic pressurization parameters, pressure, time, and temperature, and a bacteriocin that in combination would destroy 7 to 8 log cycles of pathogenic and(More)
Cell suspensions of three pathogens were exposed to hydrostatic pressure (HP), bacteriocin mixture (nisin and pediocin) or a combination of HP+bacteriocins and changes in colony forming units (cfu) and cell-morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were studied. Cell viability loss, as determined from the reduction in cfu before and after a(More)
Previously, it was demonstrated that the combination of sucrose laurate (SL) ethylenediaminetetraacetate (E) and butylated hydroxyl anisole (B) (SLEB) was an effective antimicrobial agent against both gram-negative (aerobes) and gram-positive (facultative anaerobes) foodborne bacteria. This investigation examines the sensitivity of Clostridium perfringens(More)
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