Anthony San Lucas

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BACKGROUND Lanthanum (La) carbonate has recently been proposed as an alternative, calcium- and aluminum-free phosphate binder for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia of chronic renal failure (CRF). However, the extent to which CRF enhances tissue La accumulation induced by oral La overload above that observed under conditions of normal renal function remains(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Transcranial ultrasound (TUS) can modulate brain function. To assess possible TUS modulation of mental states, we investigated effects on subjective reports of pain and mood of sub-thermal TUS versus placebo applied to frontal scalp and brain of chronic pain patient volunteers. METHODS With IRB approval and informed consent, subjects(More)
The crossover relationship between cardiometabolic risk, in terms of insulin resistance and vascular dysfunction, and the fatty acid (FA) profile of insulin-sensitive tissues as well as the dietary FA impact has almost never been explored in the same experiment. In this study, the intake of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) alone and/or with its higher(More)
OBJECTIVE Widespread application of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) and the severe sepsis resuscitation bundle is limited by clinician knowledge, skills and experience. This study evaluated use of simulation-based teaching during medical training to increase future clinician knowledge in the above therapies for severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS A(More)
This study investigated the influence of an eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)- or a docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-supplemented diet on the deleterious effects of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of Golden Syrian hamster thoracic aorta. In a second step, LPC-modulated phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2))-derived ways of relaxation were(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis and vascular calcification are major contributors to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among chronic kidney disease patients. The mevalonate pathway may play a role in this vascular pathology. Farnesyltransferase inhibitors such as R115777 block one branch of mevalonate pathway. We studied the effects of farnesyltransferase(More)
SERP-1 is a secreted myxoma virus-encoded 55-kd protein of the serine proteinase inhibitor ("serpin") family that strongly inhibits the mitosis of medial arterial smooth muscle cells, thus preventing stenosis in injured rabbit and rat arteries. We have measured the fractional catabolic rate (FCR) and compartmental distribution of 1251-SERP-1 after injection(More)
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