Anthony S Serianni

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The presence of large-molecular-mass, thermal hysteresis (TH)-producing antifreezes (e.g., antifreeze proteins) has been reported in numerous and diverse taxa, including representative species of fish, arthropods, plants, fungi, and bacteria. However, relatively few of these antifreeze molecules have been chemically characterized. We screened diverse(More)
We investigated the ecological physiology and behavior of free-living wood frogs [Lithobates (Rana) sylvaticus] overwintering in Interior Alaska by tracking animals into natural hibernacula, recording microclimate, and determining frog survival in spring. We measured cryoprotectant (glucose) concentrations and identified the presence of antifreeze(More)
The beetle Cucujus clavipes is found in North America over a broad latitudinal range from North Carolina (latitude approximately 35 degrees N) to near tree line in the Brooks Range in Alaska (latitude, approximately 67 degrees 30' N). The cold adaptations of populations from northern Indiana (approximately 41 degrees 45' N) and Alaska were compared and, as(More)
Hyperglycemic conditions of diabetes accelerate protein modifications by glucose leading to the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). We have investigated the conversion of protein-Amadori intermediate to protein-AGE and the mechanism of its inhibition by pyridoxamine (PM), a potent AGE inhibitor that has been shown to prevent diabetic(More)
13C NMR spectra of labeled [1-13C]- and [2-13C]ascorbic acid were seen to contain resonances arising from the intra- and extracellular populations in suspensions of human erythrocytes; i.e., they displayed the "split-peak" phenomenon. This new observation enabled the ready determination of the location, whether inside or outside cells, of the redox(More)
Four beta-linked glucobioses selectively (13)C labeled at C1' or C2' have been prepared. The inter-residue coupling constants, J(CH), and J(CC), have been determined and related to the solution conformations of the disaccharides using Karplus-type relationships. Relying only on the experimental coupling constants, glycosidic linkage conformation in methyl(More)
Three-, four-, and five-carbon aldononitrile phosphates were prepared, purified, and catalyticlly reduced with palladium--barium sulfate (5%) to the corresponding aldose phosphates in high yields at pH 1.7 +/- 0.1 and atmopsheric pressure. DL-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and the tetrose 4-phosphates were prepared with carbon-13 enrichment at C-1, while the(More)
Freeze-tolerance in larvae ofGynaephora groenlandica is enhanced by the accumulation of glycerol in the winter. Since summer larvae remain freeze-tolerant despite the lack of glycerol, we investigated glycerol metabolism as a function of acclimation and body temperature using non-invasive13C NMR spectroscopy. Major constituents of hemolymph isolated from(More)
High-resolution (13)C NMR spectra (150 MHz) have been obtained on the complete series of D-aldohexoses (D-allose 1, D-altrose 2, D-galactose 3, D-glucose 4, D-gulose 5, D-idose 6, D-mannose 7, D-talose 8) selectively labeled with (13)C at C1 in order to detect and quantify the percentages of acyclic forms, and to measure and/or confirm percentages of(More)
The branched-chain pentose DL-apiose has been synthesized in good yield by a new and simple chemical method that can be adapted to prepare (1-13C)-, (2-13C)-, (1-2H)- and/or (2-2H)-enriched derivatives. N.m.r. spectra (1H- and 13C-) have been interpreted with the aid of selective (13C)- and (2H)-enrichment, and 2D and 13C[13C]-n.m.r. spectra. The solution(More)