Anthony R White

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A paradox exists regarding the reinforcing properties of nicotine. The abuse liability associated with smoking equals or exceeds that of other addictive drugs, yet the euphoric, reinforcing and other psychological effects of nicotine, compared to these other drugs, are more subtle, are manifest under more restricted conditions, and do not readily predict(More)
Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem faced by both primary care clinicians and specialists. While the exact prevalence of resistant hypertension is unknown, clinical trials suggest that it is not rare, involving perhaps 20% to 30% of study participants. As older age and obesity are 2 of the strongest risk factors for uncontrolled(More)
Beta-amyloid (Abeta) 1-42, implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, forms an oligomeric complex that binds copper at a CuZn superoxide dismutase-like binding site. Abeta.Cu complexes generate neurotoxic H(2)O(2) from O(2) through Cu(2+) reduction, but the reaction mechanism has been unclear. We now report that Abeta1-42, when binding up to 2(More)
Abstract Rationale. Environmental stimuli associated with drugs of abuse are believed to play a major role in the motivation to take drugs, drug dependence, and relapse. Previous work from this laboratory demonstrated that the response-contingent presentation of drug-related, visual cues was at least as important as nicotine in the maintenance, extinction(More)
Increased brain metal levels have been associated with normal aging and a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Copper and iron levels both show marked increases with age and may adversely interact with the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide causing its aggregation and the production of neurotoxic hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), contributing to(More)
Biometals play an important role in Alzheimer disease, and recent reports have described the development of potential therapeutic agents based on modulation of metal bioavailability. The metal ligand clioquinol (CQ) has shown promising results in animal models and small phase clinical trials; however, the actual mode of action in vivo has not been(More)
The abnormal form of the prion protein (PrP) is believed to be responsible for the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. A peptide encompassing residues 106-126 of human PrP (PrP106-126) is neurotoxic in vitro due its adoption of an amyloidogenic fibril structure. The Alzheimer's disease amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) also undergoes fibrillogenesis to(More)
Prion diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) are fatal, neuro-degenerative disorders with no known therapy. A proportion of the UK population has been exposed to a bovine spongiform encephalopathy-like prion strain and are at risk of developing variant CJD. A hallmark of prion disease is the transformation of normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C))(More)
TDP-43 proteinopathies are characterized by loss of nuclear TDP-43 and accumulation of the protein in the cytosol as ubiquitinated protein aggregates. These protein aggregates may have an important role in subsequent neuronal degeneration in motor neuron disease, frontotemporal dementia and potentially other neurodegenerative diseases. Although the cellular(More)
Development of a comprehensive therapeutic treatment for the neurodegenerative Alzheimer's disease (AD) is limited by our understanding of the underlying biochemical mechanisms that drive neuronal failure. Numerous dysfunctional mechanisms have been described in AD, ranging from protein aggregation and oxidative stress to biometal dyshomeostasis and(More)