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Many studies have reported variability data for tests of speech discrimination, and the disparate results of these studies have not been given a simple explanation. Arguments over the relative merits of 25- vs 50-word tests have ignored the basic mathematical properties inherent in the use of percentage scores. The present study models performance on(More)
Rapid shallow granular free-surface flows develop in a wide range of industrial and geophysical flows, ranging from rotating kilns and blenders to rock-falls, snow slab-avalanches and debris-flows. Within these flows, grains of different sizes often separate out into inversely graded layers, with the large particles on top of the fines, by a process called(More)
The adaptation of the responses from the cochlear nerve and the auditory brainstem nuclei was studied using a burst of four clicks as the stimulus. Nine experimental conditions were obtained from three stimulus levels (60, 70 and 80 dB SL) and from three intervals between click in the burst (15, 24 and 32.5 msec). Six subjects were each tested three times(More)
An expression for the stress tensor near an external boundary of a discrete mechanical system is derived explicitly in terms of the constituents' degrees of freedom and interaction forces. Starting point is the exact and general coarse graining formulation presented by Goldhirsch in [I. which is consistent with the continuum equations everywhere but does(More)
The discrete particle method (DPM) is used to model granular flows down an inclined chute with varying basal roughness, thickness and inclination. We observe three major regimes: arresting flows, steady uniform flows and accelerating flows. For flows over a smooth base, other (quasi-steady) regimes are observed: for small inclinations the flow can be highly(More)
Four subjects with low-frequency hearing loss were evaluated to determine whether their responses to low-frequency stimulation might be the result of stimulation of nerve fibers with higher characteristic frequencies. Two masking paradigms were employed to indirectly investigate the contribution of high-frequency nerve fibers to the detection of(More)
From the latency difference between corresponding components of the different derived cochlear nerve and brainstem evoked responses (CBER) and the cochlear location difference between the appropriate derived band centre frequencies (CF), estimates of the travelling wave velocity at various locations along the cochlear partition were calculated. Calculated(More)
Cervical somatosensory evoked potentials, brainstem evoked potentials, visual evoked potentials, and the cerebral contingent negative variation were recorded in patients with definite multiple sclerosis before, during, and after spinal cord stimulation. Improvements were seen in the cervical somatosensory and brainstem evoked potentials but neither the(More)
The temporal bones of an individual with documented unilateral Meniere's disease were prepared for light and electron microscopy. A morphometric analysis was performed on hair cells, spiral ganglion cells, dendritic fibers in the osseous spiral lamina, afferent and efferent endings, and afferent synaptic contacts. In the ear with Meniere's disease, we found(More)
Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) may offer an objective way of evaluating the peripheral auditory systems of difficult-to-test patients. Children with autism are often suspected of hearing loss, but frequently will not respond on traditional behavior auditory tests. The clinical feasibility of obtaining TEOAEs on children with autism was(More)