Anthony R Caputo

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We reviewed the medical records of 258 children from newborn to 20 years of age who had ocular injuries severe enough to warrant admission to United Hospitals Medical Center, Newark, NJ, over a 3 1/2-year period. In this time there were 1737 pediatric admissions for eye treatment and of these, 258 (14.85%) were directly related to trauma. Only strabismus,(More)
A total of 187 medical records of Down syndrome individuals over a 10-year period were reviewed retrospectively for strabismus, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, nystagmus, cataract, glaucoma, and other significant eye findings. This study showed that a higher proportion of these individuals than reported in previous studies had strabismus (57%). Refractive(More)
Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) has been a recognized clinical entity for nearly a century. It is a clinically well described ocular disorder consisting of retraction of the globe with narrowing of the lid fissure in attempted adduction, frequent abduction deficiency with variable limitation to adduction, and upshoot and/or downshoot of the affected eye(More)
Many people with special needs (PSN) have difficulty having good oral health or accessing oral health services because of a disability or medical condition. The number of people with these conditions living in community settings and needing oral health services is increasing dramatically due to advances in medical care, deinstitutionalization, and changing(More)
The incidence and characteristics of nystagmus in Down's syndrome are unclear. In 188 consecutive patients, 56 had nystagmus. Most had no clinically recognizable ocular pathology to account for the nystagmus. Twenty-nine had fine rapid horizontal nystagmus, 14 had a dissociated nystagmus which appeared pendular, whereas 9 had a form of latent or manifest(More)
Few studies comment on the type of refractive errors found in patients with Leber's congenital amaurosis. The association of an uncomplicated infantile form of this condition with high hyperopia but without systemic complications has been suggested. In a retrospective study, we identified 11 patients who satisfied the criteria for the diagnosis of this(More)
The procedure we describe is believed to be a rational and effective approach to the rare but preplexing problem of congenital lacrimal sac fistula. The procedure is based on the principles of: (1) definite location of the lacrimal sac for protection of canaliculi and sac through probe insertion; (2) fastidious dissection of the tract to its base; and (3)(More)
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) has not been reported as occurring as a single entity in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) population. In a survey of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected male patients, the authors found that 21% (9/42) had signs and symptoms compatible with KCS with positive Schirmer test results. Tear(More)
The treatment of severe congenital ptosis may include frontalis suspension or maximal levator resection. A previous study of 145 consecutive frontalis suspensions for congenital ptosis showed a fairly high recurrence rate, frequent granuloma formation, and significant brow scars. In 28 patients undergoing 32 maximal levator resections utilizing our(More)
During routine dilation of 48 newborns, systemic responses and pupil dilation were monitored. Both 10 percent aqueous and viscous phenylephrine caused blanching around the eyes and produced considerable rise in blood pressure. Dilatation average 4.7 mm. In a double blind study, a 2.5 percent solution caused no skin blanching and no change in pressure or(More)