Anthony P. Moran

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NOD2, a protein associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease, confers responsiveness to bacterial preparations of lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan, but the precise moiety recognized remains elusive. Biochemical and functional analyses identified muramyl dipeptide (MurNAc-L-Ala-D-isoGln) derived from peptidoglycan as the essential structure in(More)
Epithelial cells can respond to conserved bacterial products that are internalized after either bacterial invasion or liposome treatment of cells. We report here that the noninvasive Gram-negative pathogen Helicobacter pylori was recognized by epithelial cells via Nod1, an intracellular pathogen-recognition molecule with specificity for Gram-negative(More)
Multiple genetic variants of CARD15/NOD2 have been associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease and Blau syndrome. NOD2 recognizes muramyl dipeptide (MDP) derived from bacterial peptidoglycan (PGN), but the molecular basis of recognition remains elusive. We performed systematic mutational analysis to gain insights into the function of NOD2 and(More)
Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric carcinoma. Gastric epithelial cells provide the first point of contact between H. pylori and the host. TLRs present on these cells recognize various microbial products, resulting in the initiation of innate immunity. Although previous reports investigated TLR signaling in response to(More)
The outer cores of the lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of many strains of Campylobacter jejuni mimic human gangliosides in structure. A population of cells of C. jejuni strain 81-176 produced a mixture of LOS cores which consisted primarily of structures mimicking GM(2) and GM(3) gangliosides, with minor amounts of structures mimicking GD(1b) and GD(2). Genetic(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a prevalent bacterial, gastroduodenal pathogen of humans that can express Lewis (Le) and related antigens in the O-chains of its surface lipopolysaccharide. The O-chains of H. pylori are commonly composed of internal Le(x) units with terminal Le(x) or Le(y) units or, in some strains, with additional units of Le(a), Le(b), Le(c),(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) represents a major virulence factor of Gram-negative bacteria ('endotoxin') that can cause septic shock in mammals including man. The lipid anchor of LPS to the outer membrane, lipid A, has a peculiar chemical structure, harbours the 'endotoxic principle' of LPS and is responsible for the expression of pathophysiological effects.(More)
Helicobacter pylori NCTC11637 expresses a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) that comprises an O antigen side-chain with structural homology to the human blood group antigen Lewis X (Le(x)). The role of this molecule in adhesion of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells was investigated. Mutants expressing truncated LPS structures were generated through insertional(More)
This study describes the molecular makeup of the cell-wall lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) (O-chain polysaccharide-->core oligosaccharide-->lipid A) from five Helicobacter pylori strains: H. pylori 26695 and J99, the complete genome sequences of which have been published, the established mouse model Sydney strain (SS1), and the symptomatic strains P466 and(More)
Molecular and genetic studies have demonstrated that members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family are critical innate immune receptors. TLRs are recognition receptors for a diverse group of microbial ligands including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. This study demonstrates that distinct TLRs are responsible for the recognition of Helicobacter(More)