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'Mild cognitive impairment' (MCI) in older adults refers to a significant decline in memory function but not other cognitive functions. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for MCI are needed. The present randomized clinical trial tests the efficacy of a cognitive and behavioral treatment to improve memory performance and participants'(More)
Eight experienced male cyclists (C), eight well-trained male runners (R), and eight less-trained male noncyclists (LT) were tested under multiple cadence and power output conditions to determine: (1) if the cadence at which lower extremity net joint moments are minimized (cost function cadence) was associated with preferred pedaling cadence (PC), (2) if the(More)
BACKGROUND Physical function and strength decline with age and lead to limited mobility and independence in older adults. Alterations in mitochondrial function are thought to underlie numerous age-related changes, including declining physical ability. Recent studies suggest that systemic changes in bioenergetic capacity may be reported by analyzing(More)
A dual-task paradigm was used to determine the attentional demands of several postural control tasks in 16 older women (age, 71.5+/-3.4 years) and 14 young women (age, 25.5+/-2.4 years). Older women had slower verbal reaction times (VRT) compared with the younger women and increased reaction time more from a sitting to standing posture. Compared with the(More)
Traditional posturographic analysis and four statistical mechanics techniques were applied to center-of-pressure (COP) trajectories of young, older "low-fall-risk" and older "high-fall-risk" individuals. Low-fall-risk older adults were active 3 days per week in a cardiac rehabilitation program, while high-fall-risk older adults were diagnosed with perilymph(More)
Male cyclists (N = 8) and noncyclists (N = 8) pedaled under six randomly ordered cadences (50, 65, 80, 95, 110 rpm and the preferred cadence) at 200 W to test the hypothesis that electromyographic activity of selected lower limb muscles is minimized at the preferred cadence. Average preferred cadences for cyclists (85.2 +/- 9.2 rpm) and noncyclists (91.6(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether an association exists between peripheral comfort level, as reflected by differentiated RPE measures, and the preferred cadences of subjects who differed in cycling experience and fitness level. METHODS Twelve experienced cyclists (C), ten runners (R), and ten less-trained noncyclists (LT), all of whom were male, pedaled at(More)
With age, loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) results in decreased muscle strength and power. Decreased strength and power, in turn, are closely linked with declines in physical function. Preferred walking speed, a marker of physical function, is slower in older adults compared to young adults. Research suggests that older adults may walk slower as a(More)
BACKGROUND Although progressive resistance strength training (ST) has been found to improve various measures of physical functioning in older adults, the benefit to quality of life is unclear. Additionally, recent evidence suggests that high velocity power training (PT) may be more beneficial for physical functioning than ST, but it is not known whether(More)
This study addresses the Rorschach texture response (T). The authors proposed a developmental line incorporating tactile self-soothing functions and tactile aspects of interpersonal closeness and related it to T. It was hypothesized that T would be linearly related to one's reliance on tactile cues cognitively by categorizing objects according to texture(More)