Anthony P Decaprio

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BACKGROUND Children are commonly exposed at background levels to several ubiquitous environmental pollutants, such as lead and persistent organic pollutants, that have been linked to neurologic and endocrine effects. These effects have prompted concern about alterations in human reproductive development. Few studies have examined the effects of these(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure has been linked to a variety of toxic effects in animal experiments and in certain human case reports and epidemiologic studies. A total of 209 individual PCB congeners are possible, based on chlorination level and ring substitution pattern. Commercial PCBs are a complex mixture of congeners, and over 75 of these have(More)
In contrast to the well-characterized acute toxicity of the environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) in the guinea pig, the effects of prolonged po exposure in this species are unknown. The present report describes the results of administration to guinea pigs of 2,3,7,8-TCDD in the feed at levels of 0, 2, 10, 76, or 430(More)
The major determinants of human polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) body burden include the source and route of exposure and the toxicokinetic processes occurring after uptake. However, the relative importance of each factor for individual subjects cannot currently be determined. The present study characterizes levels and patterns of PCB congeners in a large(More)
We examined the effects of gestational and lactational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 153 (2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexaCB) on the magnitude of long-term potentiation (LTP) observed in the CA1 region of hippocampal brain slices prepared from rats at 30 days of age. We compared these actions to those observed when PCB 153 is dissolved in normal(More)
Chemicals that cause nerve injury and neurological deficits are a structurally diverse group. For the majority, the corresponding molecular mechanisms of neurotoxicity are poorly understood. Many toxicants (e.g., hepatotoxicants) of other organ systems and/or their oxidative metabolites have been identified as electrophiles and will react with cellular(More)
The neurotoxic gamma-diketone 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) reacts in vitro and in vivo with protein lysine epsilon-amine moieties to yield 2,5-dimethylpyrrole adducts. It has been hypothesized that pyrrole adduct formation in neurofilament (NF) or other axonal proteins may lead to increased hydrophobicity, secondary autoxidative crosslinking, or the loss of(More)
Many chemical toxicants and/or their active metabolites are electrophiles that cause cell injury by forming covalent bonds with nucleophilic targets on biological macromolecules. Covalent reactions between nucleophilic and electrophilic reagents are, however, discriminatory since there is a significant degree of selectivity associated with these(More)
Sufficient toxicological data are now available to permit use of conventional risk assessment techniques to estimate the hazards associated with human exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD). However, many real-world exposures involve complex mixtures of dibenzodioxins, dibenzofurans, and related compounds. Historical approaches to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine serum levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Siberian Yupik adults from St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, and to determine the relative contribution of atmospheric transport of PCBs and local contamination to body burdens. STUDY DESIGN Siberian Yupiks of various ages were recruited from three populations: residents of the village(More)