Anthony P . Adamis

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Aptamers are oligonucleotide ligands that are selected for high-affinity binding to molecular targets. Pegaptanib sodium (Macugen; Eyetech Pharmaceuticals/Pfizer) is an RNA aptamer directed against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-165, the VEGF isoform primarily responsible for pathological ocular neovascularization and vascular permeability. After(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of adult vision loss and blindness. Much of the retinal damage that characterizes the disease results from retinal vascular leakage and nonperfusion. Diabetic retinal vascular leakage, capillary nonperfusion, and endothelial cell damage are temporary and spatially associated with retinal leukocyte stasis in early(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of adult vision loss and blindness. Much of the retinal damage that characterizes the disease results from retinal vascular leakage and nonperfusion. This study shows that diabetic retinal vascular leakage and nonperfusion are temporally and spatially associated with retinal leukocyte stasis (leukostasis) in the rat(More)
Age-related macular degeneration is the principal cause of registered legal blindness among those aged over 65 in the United States, western Europe, Australia, and Japan. Despite intensive research, the precise etiology of molecular events that underlie age-related macular degeneration is poorly understood. However, investigations on parallel fronts are(More)
Ischemia often precedes neovascularization. In ocular neovascularization, such as occurs in diabetic retinopathy, a diffusible angiogenic factor has been postulated to be produced by ischemic retina and to lead to neovascularization of the retina, optic nerve, or iris. However, no angiogenic factor has been conclusively identified that satisfies this(More)
PURPOSE To report 36-month outcomes of RIDE (NCT00473382) and RISE (NCT00473330), trials of ranibizumab in diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN Phase III, randomized, multicenter, double-masked, 3-year trials, sham injection-controlled for 2 years. PARTICIPANTS Adults with DME (n=759), baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 20/40 to 20/320 Snellen(More)
PURPOSE Assess 12-month efficacy and safety of intraocular injections of 0.3 mg or 0.5 mg ranibizumab in patients with macular edema after branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, sham injection-controlled, double-masked, multicenter trial. PARTICIPANTS A total of 397 patients with macular edema after BRVO. METHODS(More)
The vitreous levels of the angiogenic polypeptide vascular endothelial growth factor (also known as vascular permeability factor) were measured and compared in eyes with and without proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Undiluted vitreous samples from 20 eyes were collected at the time of vitrectomy, and vascular endothelial growth factor levels were(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to the diabetic retinal vasculature results in blood-retinal barrier breakdown, capillary nonperfusion, and endothelial cell injury and death. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the leukocyte integrin CD18 are required for these processes. Diabetes was induced in Long Evans rats, resulting in a two- to threefold increase in(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to the diabetic retinal vasculature results in early blood-retinal barrier breakdown, capillary nonperfusion, and endothelial cell injury and death. Previous work has shown that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and CD18 are required for these processes. However the relevant in vivo stimuli for ICAM-1 and CD18 expression in(More)