Anthony Nardi

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The Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type IV/Gr (CaMKIV/Gr) is a key effector of neuronal Ca(2+) signaling; its function was analyzed by targeted gene disruption in mice. CaMKIV/Gr-deficient mice exhibited impaired neuronal cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation and Ca(2+)/CREB-dependent gene expression. They were also(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 14 (FGF14) belongs to a distinct subclass of FGFs that is expressed in the developing and adult CNS. We disrupted the Fgf14 gene and introduced an Fgf14(N-beta-Gal) allele that abolished Fgf14 expression and generated a fusion protein (FGF14N-beta-gal) containing the first exon of FGF14 and beta-galactosidase. Fgf14-deficient mice(More)
Stress results in alterations in behavior and physiology that can be either adaptive or maladaptive. To define the molecular pathways involved in the response to stress further, we generated mice deficient (KO) in the calcium-stimulated adenylyl cyclase type VIII (AC8) by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. AC8 KO mice demonstrate a compromise(More)
For the purpose of studying the potential neurobehavioral effects of different human apolipoprotein E (apoE) isoforms produced within the brain, transgenic (TG) mice were generated in which human apoE3 or apoE4 isoforms were under control of an astrocyte-specific, glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter and these TG mice were bred back to apoE knockout(More)
Blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors by MK-801 induces neuronal degeneration in the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial cortex and other corticolimbic regions although damage in the latter has not been adequately characterized. This disseminated corticolimbic damage is of interest since NMDA hypofunction, the mechanism that triggers(More)
The acute effects of 0.05 mg/kg MK-801 on spatial learning and memory in male mice were studied using a modified hole board food search task. Dose-response sensorimotor and activity tests suggested that this dose of MK-801 did not induce significant nonassociative effects. Mice were trained on the hole board using a massed trials protocol to learn the(More)
Several histological and behavioral experiments were conducted to investigate the neurotoxic effects of MK-801 in male mice. Moderate subcutaneous (s.c.) doses of MK-801 (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg) induced the formation of intracytoplasmic vacuoles in pyramidal neurons in layers III and IV of the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial (PC/RS) cortex in 50% and 100% of(More)
The NMDA antagonist, memantine (Namenda), and the cholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil (Aricept), are currently being used widely, either individually or in combination, for treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). NMDA antagonists have both neuroprotective and neurotoxic properties; the latter is augmented by drugs, such as pilocarpine, that increase(More)
Antagonists of NMDA glutamate receptors have been shown to alleviate neuropathic pain in rats and humans. However, NMDA antagonists can cause significant side effects ranging from behavioral disturbances to injury of neurons in the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial (PC/RS) cortex. We have found that alpha-2 adrenergic agonists prevent the PC/RS neurotoxic(More)
The relationship between spatial learning impairment and reversible neuronal injury in the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial (PC/RS) cortex induced by MK-801 in male mice was studied using a four-corner holeboard task. Mice were dosed with 1 mg/kg MK-801 and tested on acquisition of a new "baited" hole at 5 or 12 h posttreatment. Acquisition in drugged mice(More)