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The integrate-and-fire neuron model is one of the most widely used models for analyzing the behavior of neural systems. It describes the membrane potential of a neuron in terms of the synaptic inputs and the injected current that it receives. An action potential (spike) is generated when the membrane potential reaches a threshold, but the actual changes(More)
A new technique for analyzing the probability distribution of output spikes for the integrate-and-fire model is presented. This technique enables us to investigate models with arbitrary synaptic response functions that incorporate both leakage across the membrane and a rise time of the postsynaptic potential. The results, which are compared with numerical(More)
Experimental evidence indicates that synaptic modification depends on the timing relationship between the presynaptic inputs and the output spikes that they generate. In this letter, results are presented for models of spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) whose weight dynamics is determined by a stable fixed point. Four classes of STDP are identified on(More)
This investigation examines temporal processing through successive sites in the rat auditory pathway: auditory nerve (AN), anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) and the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB). The degree of phase-locking, measured as vector strength, varied with intensity relative to the cell's threshold, and saturated at a value that(More)
A model of in vivo-like neocortical activity is studied analytically in relation to experimental data and other models in order to understand the essential mechanisms underlying such activity. The model consists of a network of sparsely connected excitatory and inhibitory integrate-and-fire (IF) neurons with conductance-based synapses. It is shown that the(More)
In neuronal networks, the changes of synaptic strength (or weight) performed by spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) are hypothesized to give rise to functional network structure. This article investigates how this phenomenon occurs for the excitatory recurrent connections of a network with fixed input weights that is stimulated by external spike(More)
The integrate-and-fire neuron model describes the state of a neuron in terms of its membrane potential, which is determined by the synaptic inputs and the injected current that the neuron receives. When the membrane potential reaches a threshold, an action potential (spike) is generated. This review considers the model in which the synaptic input varies(More)
A new technique is presented for analyzing leaky integrate-and-fire neurons that incorporates reversal potentials, which impose a biologically realistic lower bound to the membrane potential. The time distribution of the synaptic inputs is modeled as a Poisson process. The analysis is carried out in the Gaussian approximation, which comparison with(More)
We study the influence of noise on the transmission of temporal information by a leaky integrate-and-fire neuron using the theory of shot noise. The model includes a finite number of synapses and has a membrane potential variance de facto modulated by the input signal. The phenomenon of stochastic resonance in spiking neurons is analytically exhibited using(More)
The timing information contained in the response of a neuron to noisy periodic synaptic input is analyzed for the leaky integrate-and-fire neural model. We address the question of the relationship between the timing of the synaptic inputs and the output spikes. This requires an analysis of the interspike interval distribution of the output spikes, which is(More)