Anthony M. Paradiso

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  • C E Parr, D M Sullivan, +7 authors J T Turner
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1994
The Cl- secretory pathway that is defective in cystic fibrosis (CF) can be bypassed by an alternative pathway for Cl- transport that is activated by extracellular nucleotides. Accordingly, the P2 receptor that mediates this effect is a therapeutic target for improving Cl- secretion in CF patients. In this paper, we report the sequence and functional(More)
Mammalian airways normally regulate the volume of a thin liquid layer, the periciliary liquid (PCL), to facilitate the mucus clearance component of lung defense. Studies under standard (static) culture conditions revealed that normal airway epithelia possess an adenosine-regulated pathway that blends Na+ absorption and Cl- secretion to optimize PCL volume.(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-dependent airway epithelial bicarbonate transport is hypothesized to participate in airway surface liquid pH regulation and contribute to lung defense. We measured pH and ionic composition in apical surface liquid (ASL) on polarized normal (NL) and CF primary bronchial epithelial cell cultures(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a monogenetic disease that is associated with chronic airways disease and early death. The pulmonary disease reflects mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, and associated abnormal epithelial ion transport, including defective cAMP-mediated (CFTR) Cl- secretion and an accelerated rate of(More)
1 The role of extracellular nucleotides in regulation of ion transport activities (short circuit current, Isc) of human respiratory epithelia was studied. 2 Application of nucleotides to the apical or basolateral membrane of human nasal epithelium induced a concentration-dependent increase in Isc. 3 The rank order of potency of purine- or pyrimidine-induced(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, abnormal epithelial ion transport likely initiates mucus stasis, resulting in persistent airway infections and chronic inflammation. Mucus clearance is regulated, in part, by activation of apical membrane receptors coupled to intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(i)) mobilization. We have shown that Ca(2+)(i) signals resulting from(More)
Epithelial cells exist in a complex setting in which responses to mucosal or serosal environments are mediated by receptors expressed on specialized cellular domains, such as apical versus basolateral cell membranes. We investigated whether airway epithelia can react selectively through G-protein-coupled receptors to stimuli in the mucosal or serosal(More)
Hyperinflammatory responses to infection have been postulated as a component of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Studies have linked intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(i)) mobilization with inflammatory responses in several systems. We have reported that the pro-inflammatory mediator bradykinin (BK) promotes larger Ca(2+)(i) signals in CF compared with normal(More)
Human airway epithelial cell lines that retain phenotypic properties representative of the native tissue will be useful physiological models. Human papilloma viral (HPV) genes can immortalize human genital keratinocytes and breast and bronchial epithelia. We transfected cystic fibrosis (CF) and normal tracheobronchial epithelial cell cultures with DNA(More)
The presence of the P2Y2 (P(2U)-purinergic) receptor on the apical surface of airway tissue raises the possibility that aerosolized UTP might be used therapeutically to induce Cl- secretion in individuals with cystic fibrosis. However, the duration of the effects of UTP may be limited by enzymatic degradation. We therefore have analyzed the metabolism of(More)