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PURPOSE The aim was to study the biological and molecular effects of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, valproic acid, in patients with solid tumor malignancies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A phase I dose escalation of valproic acid given on days 1 to 3 followed by epirubicin (day 3) was followed by a dose expansion of valproic acid combined with(More)
PURPOSE Src family kinase (SFK) proteins are frequently activated in cancer and can coordinate tumor cell growth, survival, invasion, and angiogenesis. Given the importance of SFK signaling in cancer, known cooperation between SFK and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling, and efficacy of EGFR inhibitors, we performed a phase I trial combining(More)
PURPOSE The novel topoisomerase I inhibitor karenitecin (KTN) shows activity against melanoma. We examined whether histone deacetylase inhibition could potentiate the DNA strand cleavage, cytotoxicity as well as the clinical toxicity, and efficacy of KTN in melanoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Apoptosis, COMET, and xenograft experiments were carried out as(More)
Abnormal dendritic cell differentiation and accumulation of immature myeloid suppressor cells (ImC) is one of the major mechanisms of tumor escape. We tested the possibility of pharmacologic regulation of myeloid cell differentiation using all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). Eighteen patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma were treated with ATRA followed(More)
Tocotrienols are natural vitamin E compounds that are known to have a neuroprotective effect at nanomolar concentration and anti-carcinogenic effect at micromolar concentration. In this report, we investigated the pharmacokinetics, tumor and pancreatic tissue levels, and toxicity of delta-tocotrienol in mice because of its anti-tumor activity against(More)
PURPOSE Endothelins and their cell membrane receptors (ET(A)R and ET(B)R) are implicated in neoplastic pathogenesis. atrasentan, a potent, selective ET(A)R antagonist, has a direct effect on tumor proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to assess the influence of atrasentan on paclitaxel pharmacokinetics and to determine the(More)
PURPOSE Triciribine phosphate is a potent, small-molecule inhibitor of activation of all three isoforms of AKT in vitro. AKT is an intracellular protein that, when activated, leads to cellular division; it is dysregulated in a large number of malignancies, and constitutively activating AKT mutations are present in a minority of cancers. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin E δ-tocotrienol (VEDT), a natural vitamin E from plants, has shown anti-neoplastic and chemoprevention activity in preclinical models of pancreatic cancer. Here, we investigated VEDT in patients with pancreatic ductal neoplasia in a window-of-opportunity preoperative clinical trial to assess its safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and(More)
PURPOSE Indoximod is an oral inhibitor of the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase pathway, which causes tumor-mediated immunosuppression. Primary endpoints were maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and toxicity for indoximod in patients with advanced solid tumors. Secondary endpoints included response rates, pharmacokinetics, and immune correlates. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
PURPOSE Panobinostat, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, enhances antiproliferative activity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines when combined with erlotinib. We evaluated this combination in patients with advanced NSCLC and head and neck cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eligible patients were enrolled in a 3+3 dose-escalation design to(More)