Anthony M.-M. Payne

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The decline in muscle function is associated with an age-related decrease in muscle mass and an age-related decline in strength. However, decreased strength is not solely due to decreased muscle mass. The age-related decline in muscle-specific force (force/muscle cross-sectional area), a measure of intrinsic muscle function, also contributes to age-related(More)
In a vaccination and laboratory study, two dried smallpox vaccines (designated P and Q) were tested at intervals of 4, 8, 16, and 32 weeks after storage at both 37 degrees C and 45 degrees C. Vaccine P was also tested after 64 weeks at these temperatures and gave 100% successful vaccination rates after all periods of storage at both temperatures. Vaccine Q(More)
In 1957 the World Health Organization arranged a survey of horse and swine sera in a number of countries in order to gain information on the role and importance of animals in the epidemiology of influenza. The veterinary services of the countries concerned were requested to obtain blood specimens from these animals, if possible both before and after the(More)
Most histories, novels, and films of World War II are preoccupied with bullets, bombs, and shells and the means of delivering them, and great emphasis is placed on personal courage. They ignore the most subtle, incapacitating and often deadly enemy which the allied armed forces had to conquer if they were to defeat their human opponents. This enemy was(More)
In the ten years since attenuated poliovirus was first administered to man for immunization against poliomyelitis, a vast body of experience has grown up and an attempt can now be made to assess the potentialities of oral poliovirus vaccine. The author of this paper seeks to answer two main questions: how safe are the strains now under study, and is oral(More)
This article describes the evolution of international co-operation for the control of epidemic influenza, from the founding of the United States Armed Forces Commission on Influenza in 1941 to the present network of influenza centres designated by WHO in 42 different countries. The technical problems of dealing with this disease on a worldwide scale are(More)
The incidence of poliomyelitis throughout the world is outlined on the basis of official statistics-in many cases necessarily provisional or approximate-augmented by information from wider and unpublished sources. Available reports on the virus types responsible for poliomyelitis outbreaks in recent years are also summarized.A rise in apparent incidence(More)