Anthony M. Lynch

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The contribution of CYP1A2 to the metabolism of the dietary heterocyclic amines, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) in vivo in humans, has been determined with furafylline, a highly selective inhibitor of this enzyme. The inhibitory potential of furafylline in vivo was first(More)
Workshop participants agreed that genotoxicity tests in mammalian cells in vitro produce a remarkably high and unacceptable occurrence of irrelevant positive results (e.g. when compared with rodent carcinogenicity). As reported in several recent reviews, the rate of irrelevant positives (i.e. low specificity) for some studies using in vitro methods (when(More)
Although the application of the concept of a threshold to risk assessment is widespread, there remains little experimental evidence for the existence of thresholds for genotoxic compounds, other than aneugens. The clastogenicity of topoisomerase inhibitors is believed to result from the transient stabilization of the topoisomerase enzyme with DNA during the(More)
The characteristics of the Na+-dependent transport of alanine, glutamine, leucine and phenylalanine were studied in bovine renal brush-border membrane vesicles. Inhibition of the transport of any one of these amino acids by any other was mutually competitive. The Ki value for the inhibition of alanine transport by leucine was similar to the Km for leucine(More)
Physical and chemical agents that induce DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most potent mutagens. The mammalian cell response to DSB comprises a highly co-ordinated, yet complex network of proteins that have been categorized as sensors, signal transducers, mediators and effectors of damage and repair. While this provides an accessible(More)
An international, multi-lab trial was conducted to evaluate a flow cytometry-based method for scoring micronuclei in mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells [S.L. Avlasevich, S.M. Bryce, S.E. Cairns, S.D. Dertinger, In vitro micronucleus scoring by flow cytometry: differential staining of micronuclei versus apoptotic and necrotic chromatin enhances assay reliability,(More)
The measurement of serine139-phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) provides a biomarker of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and may identify potential genotoxic activity. In order to evaluate a flow cytometry assay for γH2AX detection (hereafter termed the γH2AX by flow assay), 6 prototypical (3 pro- and 3 proximate) genotoxins, i.e. dimethylbenz[a]anthracene(More)
During the cooking of beef, the genotoxic heterocyclic aromatic amines 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (DiMeIQx), and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) are formed. Little is known about the fate of these compounds in humans or the factors affecting it. We have(More)
The selection of maximum concentrations for in vitro mammalian cell genotoxicity assays was reviewed at the 5th International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT), 2009. Currently, the top concentration recommended when toxicity is not limiting is 10mM or 5mg/ml, whichever is lower. The discussion was whether to reduce the limit, and if so whether the(More)
Heterocyclic amines such as MeIQx and PhIP are potent genotoxic chemicals which are formed at part per billion levels when meat is cooked. Using assays based on gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with stable isotope labelled analogues as internal standards we have demonstrated MeIQx and PhIP, are efficiently absorbed into the systemic circulation after(More)