Anthony M. Kaufmann

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The authors investigated the pharmacokinetics of mannitol administered for treatment of vasogenic cerebral edema. A cortical cold injury was produced in 23 cats maintained under general anesthesia for 5 or 21 hours. Control animals received no mannitol, while treatment groups received either a single dose or five doses administered at 4-hour intervals of(More)
OBJECT It is generally accepted that hemifacial spasm (HFS) is caused by pulsatile vascular compression upon the facial nerve root exit zone. This 2-3 mm area, considered synonymous with the Obersteiner-Redlich zone, is a transition zone (TZ) between central and peripheral axonal myelination that is situated at the nerve's detachment from the pons. Further(More)
BACKGROUND Infection related to external ventricular drain (EVD) use is a common neurosurgical complication. Modified catheters with a hydrophilic surface may impede bacterial adherence and thereby reduce catheter related cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infection. METHODS A prospective randomized clinical trial compared the occurrence of CSF infection related(More)
BACKGROUND Medically refractory status epilepticus, without an identifiable cause, post elective aneurysm clipping is a rare event. OBJECTIVE To describe the two cases of refractory status epilepticus post elective aneurysm clipping, without an identifiable cause, and discuss the potential role for early consideration of ketamine. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) has been described as a treatment for cerebral vasospasm refractory to standard therapy. METHODS We report a series of 15 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in which IAP was employed for the treatment of symptomatic vasospasm. All patients exhibited delayed ischemic neurologic deficits,(More)
OBJECT Glomus tumors are rare skull base neoplasms that frequently involve critical cerebrovascular structures and lower cranial nerves. Complete resection is often difficult and may increase cranial nerve deficits. Stereotactic radiosurgery has gained an increasing role in the management of glomus tumors. The authors of this study examine the outcomes(More)
In this study the authors have examined the effects of transluminal angioplasty on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the management of intractable vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fourteen consecutively enrolled patients underwent attempted angioplasty with or without intraarterial infusion of papaverine. Twelve patients underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE This case illustrates that although endoscopic third ventriculostomy for patients with aqueductal stenosis is successful and minimally invasive, it can have severe, life-threatening complications. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 3-year-old girl presented with hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis. She underwent endoscopic third(More)
Reports of intraarterial papaverine infusion as treatment for cerebral vasospasm are few and documented complications are uncommon. The authors report the case of a patient with paradoxical aggravation of cerebral arterial narrowing during selective intraarterial papaverine infusion intended to treat vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(More)
Transcranial doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is often used to guide the management of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, the correlation between increased blood velocity as measured by TCD ultrasonography and angiographic vasospasm was established before the routine use of hypervolemia/hemodilution and administration of nimodipine and did(More)