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BACKGROUND Klotho is an 'anti-ageing' hormone and transmembrane protein; Klotho deficient mice develop a similar ageing phenotype to smokers including emphysema and muscle wasting. The objective of this study was to evaluate skeletal muscle and circulating Klotho protein in smokers and COPD patients and to relate Klotho levels to relevant skeletal muscle(More)
Large conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (maxi-K ) channel activity was recorded in excised, inside-out patches from HEK 293 cells stably co-expressing the alpha- and beta-subunits of human brain maxi-K channels. At +50 mV, and in the presence of 300 nM Ca2+i, single channel activity was acutely and reversibly suppressed upon reducing P(O(2)) from 150 to >(More)
Neuroepithelial bodies act as airway oxygen sensors. The lung carcinoma line H146 is an established model for neuroepithelial body cells. Although O(2) sensing in both cells is via NADPH oxidase H(2)O(2)/free radical production and acute hypoxia promotes K(+) channel closure and cell depolarization, the identity of the K(+) channel is still controversial.(More)
Hypoxic inhibition of background K(+) channels is crucial to O(2) sensing by chemoreceptor tissues, but direct demonstration of O(2) sensitivity by any member of this K(+) channel family is lacking. HEK293 cells were transfected with a pcDNA3.1-hTASK1 construct; expression of hTASK1 was verified using RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. Whole-cell K(+) currents(More)
An important new concept associated with estrogen receptor (ER) function in breast cancer is that ER status/ phenotype is multifaceted. In particular, the two full-length, ligand binding ERs (ER-alpha and ER-beta) and possibly multiple variant isoforms of ER must be considered. In addition, cross-talk factors that can influence ER activity in a ligand(More)
Regulatory roles and a signaling receptor have been proposed for the milk protein lactoferrin (Lf), but none has been definitively characterized. Nichols and colleagues (1987) observed that human lactoferrin (hLf) stimulated thymidine incorporation into the DNA of rat intestinal crypt cells. We tested the hypothesis that chronic Lf administration stimulates(More)
The combination of studies in native tissues and immortalised model systems during the last decade has made possible a deeper understanding of the physiology and functional morphology of arterial and airway oxygen sensors. Complementary and overlapping information from these earlier studies has allowed a detailed description of the cellular events that link(More)
We have previously observed a paradoxical relationship of the psoriasin/S100A7 gene with estrogen response in-vitro in ERalpha positive cells but its association with ERalpha negative status in-vivo raising the possibility that S100A7 might be regulated by ERbeta in breast cancer. Using doxycycline-inducible ERbeta and ERalpha expressing MCF-7 cells the(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that neuroepithelial bodies are airway O(2) sensors. Recently, we have established the H-146 small cell lung carcinoma line as a suitable model to study the biochemical basis of neuroepithelial body cell chemotransduction. Here we explore the possibility that hypoxic modulation of K(+) channels is intimately linked to activity(More)