Anthony LeFevour

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During treatment of brain tumors, some head and neck tumors, and other diseases, like arteriovenous malformations, the normal brain is exposed to ionizing radiation. While high radiation doses can cause severe tissue destruction, lower doses can induce cognitive impairments without signs of overt tissue damage. The underlying pathogenesis of these(More)
A place preference conditioning procedure was used to examine the influence of kappa-opioid receptor ligands upon the development of sensitization to the conditioned rewarding effects of cocaine. Previous exposure to cocaine (10-20 mg/kg; i.p.; days 1-5) resulted in an enhancement of the conditioned rewarding effects of this agent, e.g., sensitization.(More)
The ability of the kappa-opioid receptor agonist U69593 to attenuate the sensitization and cross-sensitization which develops to the conditioned rewarding effects of morphine and cocaine was examined using an unbiased place-preference conditioning procedure. The influence of U69593 treatment upon sensitization and cross-sensitization to cocaine was also(More)
Changes in synaptic plasticity required for memory formation are dynamically regulated through opposing excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmissions. To explore the potential contribution of NF-kappaB/Rel to these processes, we generated transgenic mice conditionally expressing a potent NF-kappaB/Rel inhibitor termed IkappaBalpha superrepressor(More)
An unbiased place preference conditioning procedure was used to determine whether the repeated administration of morphine results in sensitization to its conditioned rewarding effects. Rats received once daily injections of saline or morphine (5.0 mg/kg; i.p.) for 5 days in a room distinct from that where conditioning would occur. Place preference(More)
Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder that is characterized by a compulsion to take drug regardless of the adverse consequences that may ensue. Although the involvement of mesoaccumbal dopamine neurons in the initiation of drug abuse is well-established, neuroadaptations within the limbic cortical- striatopallidal circuit that occur as a(More)
Compared with apolipoprotein (apo) E2 and E3, apoE4 increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but it remains unknown how apoE4 affects neuronal function. ApoE4 interacts with female gender, further increasing the risk of AD and decreasing treatment response. Female mice are also more susceptible to apoE4-induced impairments of spatial learning and(More)
Histamine H3 receptors are highly expressed throughout the brain and increasing evidence supports a role for histamine in cognition [1, 2]. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), important in lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism, has been implicated in nerve development and regeneration, neurite outgrowth, and neuroprotection [3]. Mice deficient in apoE (Apoe–/–) have(More)
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