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Photonics is a leading approach in realizing future quantum technologies and recently, optical waveguide circuits on silicon chips have demonstrated high levels of miniaturization and performance. Multimode interference (MMI) devices promise a straightforward implementation of compact and robust multiport circuits. Here, we show quantum interference in a 2… (More)
Linear optics underpins fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and quantum technologies. We demonstrate a single reprogrammable optical circuit that is sufficient to implement all possible linear optical protocols up to the size of that circuit. Our six-mode universal system consists of a cascade of 15 Mach-Zehnder interferometers with 30 thermo-optic phase… (More)
We demonstrate a client-server quantum key distribution (QKD) scheme. Large resources such as laser and detectors are situated at the server side, which is accessible via telecom fiber to a client requiring only an on-chip polarization rotator, which may be integrated into a handheld device. The detrimental effects of unstable fiber birefringence are… (More)
We pose a randomized boson-sampling problem. Strong evidence exists that such a problem becomes intractable on a classical computer as a function of the number of bosons. We describe a quantum optical processor that can solve this problem efficiently based on a Gaussian input state, a linear optical network, and nonadaptive photon counting measurements. All… (More)
Emerging models of quantum computation driven by multiphoton quantum interference, while not universal, may offer an exponential advantage over classical computers for certain problems. Implementing these circuits via geometric phase gates could mitigate requirements for error correction to achieve fault tolerance while retaining their relative physical… (More)
We develop techniques to verify the computational complexity of a class of analogue quantum computers known as boson samplers. We demonstrate these techniques with up to 5 photons in two different types of integrated linear optical circuit, observing Hilbert spaces of up to 50,000 dimensions.
The International Design Study for the Neutrino Factory (the IDS-NF) collaboration has been established by the Neutrino Factory community to deliver a Reference Design Report (RDR) for the facility by 2012/13. This, the first progress report, summarises the status of the study in early 2010. The baseline design for the facility will provide 10 21 muon… (More)
Quantum technologies based on photons will likely require integrated optics architectures for improved performance, miniaturization and scalability. We demonstrate high-fidelity silica-on-silicon integrated optical realizations of key quantum photonic circuits and the first integrated quantum algorithm.
Optical quantum technologies require new photonic components to exploit integrated architecture. We demonstrate quantum interference in MMI couplers and coupled waveguides that implement two-particle quantum walks, showing unique quantum behaviour.
The World Health Organization's World Report on Disability underscores the need to identify and address barriers that limit people with disabilities from having access to services. Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall (2013) consider the impact of that report on people with communication disabilities (PWCD). Over the past 5 years, the authors have… (More)