Anthony L. Mescher

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The myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) MyoD and Myf5 are the earliest described muscle-specific genes to be expressed in Xenopus development. To study the in vivo effects of overexpressing Xenopus MyoD and Myf5, synthetic RNAs were microinjected into single blastomeres of 2- to 32-cell stage Xenopus embryos. In vivo overexpression of these MRFs initiates(More)
Transferrin, a plasma protein required for proliferation of normal and malignant cells, is abundant in peripheral nerves of birds and mammals and becomes more concentrated in this tissue during nerve regeneration. We are testing the hypothesis that this factor is involved in the growth-promoting effect of nerves during the early, avascular phase of(More)
We review key aspects of what is known about limb regeneration in urodele and anuran amphibians, with a focus on the early events of the process that lead to formation of the regeneration blastema. This includes the role of the nerves and wound epithelium, but also covers the inflammatory effects of the amputation trauma and their importance for(More)
The multi-C2H2 zinc-finger domain containing transcriptional regulators of the spalt (SAL) family plays important developmental regulatory roles. In a competitive subtractive hybridization screen of genes expressed in Xenopus laevis hindlimb regeneration blastemas, we identified a SAL family member that, by phylogenetic analysis, falls in the same clade as(More)
Mammalian matrix metalloproteinase 28 (MMP-28) is expressed in several normal adult tissues, and during cutaneous wound healing. We show that, in frog and mouse embryos, MMP-28 is expressed predominantly throughout the nervous system. Xenopus expression increases during neurulation and remains elevated through early limb development where it is expressed in(More)
Tissue and organ regeneration, unlike development, involves an injury that in postembryonic animals triggers inflammation followed by resolution. How inflammation affects epimorphic regeneration is largely uninvestigated. Here we examine inflammation and its resolution in Xenopus laevis hindlimb regeneration, which declines during larval development. During(More)
Ddx39, a DEAD-box RNA helicase, is a part of the homeostatic machinery that regulates the switch between cellular proliferation and differentiation. Ddx39 was shown to be differentially regulated in Xenopus laevis using a differential screen of mRNAs from regenerating limbs (King et al., 2003). Here, the expression patterns of Ddx39 in developing limb and(More)
Complexes of β-cylodextrin with five nucleotides of adenine (A), thymine (T) guanine (G), cytosine (C), and 5-methylcytosine have been investigated using Hatree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations of different quality. This work was inspired by recent technological advances made in single-molecule sequencing of DNA. One molecule of(More)