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Complete regeneration of complex tissues and organs is usually precluded by fibrotic reactions that lead to scarring. Fish, salamanders, and larval anurans are among the few vertebrates capable of regenerating lost appendages, and this process seems to recapitulate ontogenic development of the structure in most respects. Recent work has revealed a capacity(More)
Tissue and organ regeneration, unlike development, involves an injury that in postembryonic animals triggers inflammation followed by resolution. How inflammation affects epimorphic regeneration is largely uninvestigated. Here we examine inflammation and its resolution in Xenopus laevis hindlimb regeneration, which declines during larval development. During(More)
Xenopus laevis tadpoles are capable of limb regeneration after amputation, in a process that initially involves the formation of a blastema. However, Xenopus has full regenerative capacity only through premetamorphic stages. We have used the Affymetrix Xenopus laevis Genome Genechip microarray to perform a large-scale screen of gene expression in the(More)
The influence of the wound epithelium on the cellular events preceding blastema formation was examined by comparing dedifferentiation, DNA labeling indices, and mitotic indices of the distal mesodermal tissues in control regenerating newt forelimbs and in amputated forelimbs covered with a flap of full thickness skin. Three kinds of results were seen(More)
During amphibian epimorphic limb regeneration, local injury produces metabolic changes that lead to cellular dedifferentiation and formation of a blastema, but few details of these changes have been elucidated. Here we report the first global proteomic analysis of epimorphic regeneration comparing the profiles of abundant proteins in larval limbs of the(More)
Denervated limbs of larval salamanders fail to regenerate if amputated and, unlike adult limbs, undergo regression. The cellular basis of the tissue loss is poorly understood. We used TUNEL staining of larval axolotl limbs fixed and sectioned at intervals after bilateral amputation and unilateral denervation to investigate the role of apoptosis during(More)
Many components of the vertebrate immune system have evolved with dual, interrelated functions of both protecting injured tissues from infection and providing for tissue maintenance and repair of injuries. The capacity for organ regeneration, prominent among invertebrates and certain phylogenically primitive vertebrates, is poorly developed in mammals. We(More)
The effects of fibroblast and epidermal growth factors on proliferation and differentiation of cultured myoblasts and chondrocytes have been compared. FGF stimulated myoblast proliferation, as determined by monitoring levels of DNA synthesis during seven days growth in vitro and by the morphology of the cultures after myotube formation. EGF has relatively(More)