Anthony L. Mescher

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During amphibian epimorphic limb regeneration, local injury produces metabolic changes that lead to cellular dedifferentiation and formation of a blastema, but few details of these changes have been elucidated. Here we report the first global proteomic analysis of epimorphic regeneration comparing the profiles of abundant proteins in larval limbs of the(More)
The myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) MyoD and Myf5 are the earliest described muscle-specific genes to be expressed in Xenopus development. To study the in vivo effects of overexpressing Xenopus MyoD and Myf5, synthetic RNAs were microinjected into single blastomeres of 2- to 32-cell stage Xenopus embryos. In vivo overexpression of these MRFs initiates(More)
We review key aspects of what is known about limb regeneration in urodele and anuran amphibians, with a focus on the early events of the process that lead to formation of the regeneration blastema. This includes the role of the nerves and wound epithelium, but also covers the inflammatory effects of the amputation trauma and their importance for(More)
Transferrin, a plasma protein required for proliferation of normal and malignant cells, is abundant in peripheral nerves of birds and mammals and becomes more concentrated in this tissue during nerve regeneration. We are testing the hypothesis that this factor is involved in the growth-promoting effect of nerves during the early, avascular phase of(More)
Mammalian matrix metalloproteinase 28 (MMP-28) is expressed in several normal adult tissues, and during cutaneous wound healing. We show that, in frog and mouse embryos, MMP-28 is expressed predominantly throughout the nervous system. Xenopus expression increases during neurulation and remains elevated through early limb development where it is expressed in(More)
The multi-C2H2 zinc-finger domain containing transcriptional regulators of the spalt (SAL) family plays important developmental regulatory roles. In a competitive subtractive hybridization screen of genes expressed in Xenopus laevis hindlimb regeneration blastemas, we identified a SAL family member that, by phylogenetic analysis, falls in the same clade as(More)
Tissue and organ regeneration, unlike development, involves an injury that in postembryonic animals triggers inflammation followed by resolution. How inflammation affects epimorphic regeneration is largely uninvestigated. Here we examine inflammation and its resolution in Xenopus laevis hindlimb regeneration, which declines during larval development. During(More)
Ddx39, a DEAD-box RNA helicase, is a part of the homeostatic machinery that regulates the switch between cellular proliferation and differentiation. Ddx39 was shown to be differentially regulated in Xenopus laevis using a differential screen of mRNAs from regenerating limbs (King et al., 2003). Here, the expression patterns of Ddx39 in developing limb and(More)