Anthony L. Fink

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"Natively unfolded" proteins occupy a unique niche within the protein kingdom in that they lack ordered structure under conditions of neutral pH in vitro. Analysis of amino acid sequences, based on the normalized net charge and mean hydrophobicity, has been applied to two sets of proteins: small globular folded proteins and "natively unfolded" ones. The(More)
Intracellular proteinaceous aggregates (Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites) of alpha-synuclein are hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple systemic atrophy. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying alpha-synuclein aggregation into such filamentous inclusions remain unknown. An intriguing(More)
Parkinson's disease involves the aggregation of alpha-synuclein to form fibrils, which are the major constituent of intracellular protein inclusions (Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites) in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. Occupational exposure to specific metals, especially manganese, copper, lead, iron, mercury, zinc, aluminum, appears to be a risk(More)
Nuclear transport proceeds through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) that are embedded in the nuclear envelope of eukaryotic cells. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae NPC is comprised of 30 nucleoporins (Nups), 13 of which contain phenylalanine-glycine repeats (FG Nups) that bind karyopherins and facilitate the transport of karyopherin-cargo complexes. Here, we(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease as well as other neurodegenerative disorders ("synucleinopathies"). However, the function of alpha-synuclein under physiologic and pathological conditions is unknown, and the mechanism of alpha-synuclein aggregation is not well understood.(More)
Parkinson's disease involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, leading to movement disorders. The pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease is the presence of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, which are intracellular inclusions consisting primarily of alpha-synuclein. Although essentially all cases of sporadic and early-onset(More)
alpha-Synuclein-containing aggregates represent a feature of a variety of neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, mechanisms that promote intraneuronal alpha-synuclein assembly remain poorly understood. Because pesticides, particularly the herbicide paraquat, have been suggested to play a role as PD risk factors, the(More)
It is now clear that a significant fraction of eukaryotic genomes encode proteins with substantial regions of disordered structure. In spite of the lack of structure, these proteins nevertheless are functional; many are involved in critical steps of the cell cycle and regulatory processes. In general, intrinsically disordered proteins interact with a target(More)
The pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease is the presence of intracellular inclusions, Lewy bodies, and Lewy neurites, in the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra and several other brain regions. Filamentous alpha-synuclein is the major component of these deposits and its aggregation is believed to play an important role in Parkinson's(More)
Recent reports give strong support to the idea that amyloid fibril formation and the subsequent development of protein deposition diseases originate from conformational changes in corresponding amyloidogenic proteins. In this review, recent findings are surveyed to illustrate that protein fibrillogenesis requires a partially folded conformation. This(More)