Anthony Khong

Learn More
Stress granules (SGs) are dynamic cytosolic aggregates composed of ribonucleoproteins that are induced during cellular stress when protein synthesis is inhibited. The function of SGs is poorly understood, but they are thought to be sites for reorganizing mRNA and protein. Several viruses can modulate SG formation, suggesting that SGs have an impact on virus(More)
Recognition of lipids by proteins is important for their targeting and activation in many signaling pathways, but the mechanisms that regulate such interactions are largely unknown. Here, we found that binding of proteins to the ubiquitous signaling lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) depended on intracellular pH and the protonation state of its phosphate(More)
The flagella of the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa serve not only for motility but also to bind bacteria to the host cell glycolipid asialoGM1 (ASGM1) through the protein flagellin. This interaction triggers defensive responses in host cells. How this response occurs is unclear because ASGM1 lacks transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains and(More)
Microtubule-targeting cancer therapies interfere with mitotic spindle dynamics and block cells in mitosis by activating the mitotic checkpoint. Cells arrested in mitosis may remain arrested for extended periods of time or undergo mitotic slippage and enter interphase without having separated their chromosomes. How extended mitotic arrest and mitotic(More)
Internal ribosome entry is a key mechanism for viral protein synthesis in a subset of RNA viruses. Cricket paralysis virus (CrPV), a member of Dicistroviridae, has a positive-sense single strand RNA genome that contains two internal ribosome entry sites (IRES), a 5'untranslated region (5'UTR) and intergenic region (IGR) IRES, that direct translation of open(More)
Stress granules are dynamic, conserved RNA-protein (RNP) assemblies that form when translation is limiting; and are related to pathological aggregates in degenerative disease. Mammalian stress granules are comprised of two structures - an unstable shell and more stable cores. Herein we describe methodology for isolation of stress granule cores from both(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed single-stranded ~21-23 nucleotide RNAs that inhibit gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding imperfectly to elements usually within the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of mRNAs. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) mediate site-specific cleavage by binding with perfect complementarity to RNA. Here, a(More)
Calculations based on a consideration of gas diffusion of gas dynamics in a sonoluminescing bubble filled with a noble gas and water vapor are carried out. Xenon-, argon-, and helium-filled bubbles are studied. In the absence of shock waves, bubble temperatures are found to be decreased, a decrease attributable to the large heat capacity of water vapor.(More)
Individual tumor cells utilize one of two modes of motility to invade the extracellular matrix, mesenchymal or amoeboid. We have determined that the diterpenoid genkwanine M (GENK) enhances the mesenchymal mode of cell motility that is intrinsic to HT-1080 osteosarcoma cells, stimulates a mesenchymal mode of motility in stationary MDA-MB-453 breast(More)
Stress granules (SGs) are cytosolic ribonucleoprotein aggregates that are induced during cellular stress. Several viruses modulate SG formation, suggesting that SGs have an impact on virus infection. However, the mechanisms and impact of modulating SG assembly in infected cells are not completely understood. In this study, we identify the dicistrovirus(More)
  • 1