Anthony Joseph Sherwood Pollard

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Plants that accumulate metal and metalloid trace elements to extraordinarily high concentrations in their living biomass have inspired much research worldwide during the last decades. Hyperaccumulators have been recorded and experimentally confirmed for elements such as nickel, zinc, cadmium, manganese, arsenic and selenium. However, to date,(More)
A relatively small yet diverse group of plants are capable of sequestering metals in their shoot tissues at remarkably high concentrations that would be toxic to most organisms. This process, known as metal hyperaccumulation, is of interest for several reasons, including its relevance to the phytoremediation of metalpolluted soils. Most research on(More)
Approximately 500 species of plants are known to hyperaccumulate heavy metals and metalloids. The majority are obligate metallophytes, species that are restricted to metalliferous soils. However, a smaller but increasing list of plants are "facultative hyperaccumulators" that hyperaccumulate heavy metals when occurring on metalliferous soils, yet also occur(More)
Hyperaccumulation of metals in the shoot system of plants is uncommon, yet taxonomically and geographically widespread. It may have a variety of functions, including defense against herbivores. This study investigated the effects of hyperaccumulation on metal concentrations across trophic levels. We collected plant material, soil, and invertebrates from(More)
The European plant Thlaspi caerulescens hyperaccumulates zinc in its leaves to concentrations exceeding 2 %. This may represent a defense against herbivory, as shown by reduced feeding on plants grown in high-zinc versus low-zinc substrates. However, the more evolutionarily relevant comparison involves plants whose metal content differs due to genetic(More)
Fast pyrolysis bio-oil, char and non-condensable gases were produced from a 8 kg/hr fluidized bed reactor. The bio-oil was collected in a fractionating bio-oil collection system that produced multiple fractions of bio-oil. This bio-oil was fractionated through two separate, but equally important, mechanisms within the collection system. The aerosols and(More)
Putative allelochemicals found in the soil of no-tillage and conventional-tillage wheat plots near Stillwater, Oklahoma, were obtained by a mild alkaline aqueous extraction procedure, bioassayed to determine their biological activity, purified, and analyzed with a capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-data analysis system. The most significant(More)
Hyperaccumulators are plants that store exceptionally high concentrations of heavy metals or metalloids in their leaves. Phytolacca americana is one of the few species known to hyperaccumulate manganese (Mn); however, it is a common weedy species and has no specific association with high-Mn soils. Neither the mechanism by which P. americana hyperaccumulates(More)
Plants known as nettles bear trichomes that deliver a painful sting when touched. Studies of members of the Urticaceae have suggested that their trichomes may contain histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. We report investigations using TLC, HPLC, and UV-VIS spectrophotometry to analyze the hair fluids ofCnidoscolus texanus, a member of the Euphorbiaceae,(More)
1 Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, Sustainable Minerals Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, 2 Laboratoire Sols et Environnement, Université de Lorraine INRA, UMR 1120, Nancy, France, 3 School of BioSciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia, 4 Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand, 5(More)
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