Anthony Jardim

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Ecological orthodoxy suggests that old-growth forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, but this view has been challenged by recent findings that neotropical forests are accumulating carbon and biomass, possibly in response to the increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. However, it is unclear whether the recent increase in tree(More)
An abundant 11-kDa membrane protein was purified from African trypanosomes by organic solvent extraction and octyl-Sepharose chromatography. This protein cross-reacts with monoclonal antibodies originally generated against the lipophosphoglycan-associated protein of Leishmania donovani. Immunoblot analysis showed that the 11-kDa molecule was present in a(More)
A novel membrane molecule, previously observed to be co-isolated with lipophosphoglycan and called lipophosphoglycan-associated protein, has been detected in Leishmania donovani promastigotes and amastigotes. This kinetoplastid membrane protein (KMP-11) has been purified by preparative SDS/PAGE after organic solvent extraction of promastigote membranes.(More)
A knockout strain of Leishmania donovani lacking both ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) alleles has been created by targeted gene replacement. Growth of Deltaodc cells in polyamine-deficient medium resulted in a rapid and profound depletion of cellular putrescine pools, although levels of spermidine were relatively unaffected. Concentrations of trypanothione, a(More)
The T cell response to different Leishmania donovani antigens was investigated using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Kenyans cured of visceral leishmaniasis and non-exposed Danes. Crude promastigote and amastigote antigens both induced proliferation and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production in PBMC from cured patients, while cells from(More)
Homozygous null mutants of the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hgprt) and adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (aprt) loci were created in Leishmania donovani in which both alleles were eliminated using only a single targeting construct. Functional heterozygotes were first generated by homologous recombination after transfection with vectors(More)
This report describes the complete translated gene sequence, predicted secondary structure and lipid bilayer association of a novel kinetoplastid membrane protein (KMP-11) from Leishmania donovani promastigotes. KMP-11 was previously referred to as the lipophosphoglycan-associated protein (LPGAP). The isolation, species distribution and chemical(More)
The polyamine biosynthetic pathway of protozoan parasites has been validated as a target in antiparasitic chemotherapy. To investigate this pathway at the biochemical and genetic level in a model parasite, the gene encoding spermidine synthase (SPDSYN), a key polyamine biosynthetic enzyme, has been cloned and sequenced from Leishmania donovani. The L.(More)
The human pathogens of the Leishmania and Trypanosoma genera compartmentalize glycolytic and other key metabolic pathways in unique subcellular microbodies called glycosomes, organelles related to the peroxisomes of mammals and yeast. The molecular machinery that carries out the specific targeting of glycosomal proteins to the organelle has not been(More)
Both a conserved surface metalloprotease of leishmania, gp63 as well as certain gp63-derived peptides, have been shown to have immunoprophylactic potential in mouse models of leishmaniasis. In addition, PBMC from individuals with cutaneous, mucosal, or cured visceral leishmaniasis respond in vitro to both native and rgp63. In this report, we mapped human T(More)