Learn More
Ecological orthodoxy suggests that old-growth forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, but this view has been challenged by recent findings that neotropical forests are accumulating carbon and biomass, possibly in response to the increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. However, it is unclear whether the recent increase in tree(More)
The T cell response to different Leishmania donovani antigens was investigated using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Kenyans cured of visceral leishmaniasis and non-exposed Danes. Crude promastigote and amastigote antigens both induced proliferation and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production in PBMC from cured patients, while cells from(More)
Xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (XPRT) from Leishmania donovani is a unique enzyme that lacks a mammalian counterpart and is, therefore, a potential target for antiparasitic therapy. To investigate the enzyme at the molecular and biochemical level, a cDNA encoding the L. donovani XPRT was isolated by functional complementation of a purine auxotroph of(More)
The Leishmania protein LPGAP which is co-isolated with lipophosphoglycan is a specific activator of T cells from individuals who have recovered from American leishmaniasis. We have tested the effect of LPGAP on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Kenyan donors cured from L. donovani infections. LPGAP induced vigorous proliferation and production(More)
Kinetoplastid membrane protein 11 (KMP-11) from Leishmania donovani is an abundant 11-kDa surface membrane glycoprotein. Lymph node cells from mice of six different H-2 haplotypes immunized with KMP-11 or with L. donovani promastigotes were stimulated to proliferate in vitro KMP-11. Primed purified T cells required antigen presentation since they were not(More)
A knockout strain of Leishmania donovani lacking both ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) alleles has been created by targeted gene replacement. Growth of Deltaodc cells in polyamine-deficient medium resulted in a rapid and profound depletion of cellular putrescine pools, although levels of spermidine were relatively unaffected. Concentrations of trypanothione, a(More)
A novel membrane molecule, previously observed to be co-isolated with lipophosphoglycan and called lipophosphoglycan-associated protein, has been detected in Leishmania donovani promastigotes and amastigotes. This kinetoplastid membrane protein (KMP-11) has been purified by preparative SDS/PAGE after organic solvent extraction of promastigote membranes.(More)
An abundant 11-kDa membrane protein was purified from African trypanosomes by organic solvent extraction and octyl-Sepharose chromatography. This protein cross-reacts with monoclonal antibodies originally generated against the lipophosphoglycan-associated protein of Leishmania donovani. Immunoblot analysis showed that the 11-kDa molecule was present in a(More)
Using the predictive algorithm of Rothbard and Taylor (1988. EMBO J. 7:93) and the primary structure of gp63 (Button, L., and M.R. McMaster. 1988. J. Exp. Med. 167:724; Miller, R.A., S.G. Reed, and M. Parsons. 1990. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 39:267) we have been able to delineate the structures of a number of gp63 T-cell epitopes which stimulate the(More)