Anthony J. Thody

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Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) can be processed to ACTH and melanocortin peptides. However, processing is incomplete in some tissues, leading to POMC precursor release from cells. This study examined POMC processing in human skin and the effect of POMC on the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC-1R) and melanocyte regulation. POMC was secreted by both human epidermal(More)
Sunburn is a commonly occurring acute inflammatory process, with dermal vasodilatation and leukocyte infiltration as central features. Ultraviolet (UV) B-induced hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids releases polyunsaturated fatty acids, and their subsequent metabolism by cyclooxygenases (COXs) and lipoxygenases (LOXs) may produce potent eicosanoid mediators(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide, identified by its ability to either mimic or antagonize the melanin-dispersing action of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alphaMSH) on skin melanophores. MCH and alphaMSH also have antagonistic actions in the brain affecting feeding behaviour, aggression, anxiety, arousal and reproductive function(More)
Earlier experiments demonstrated that the injection of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone into one mouse of a male pair results, 15 minutes later, in the release of an olfactory cue which increases the aggressive behavior of its partner. Because the preputial gland, whose activity is dependent upon testosterone and alpha-MSH, produces an odor which(More)
Sexually experienced male rats were used to test the attractiveness of body odors of female rats. The attractiveness of these odors varied with the estrous cycle. Odors from female rats in proestrus were the most attractive to male rats and those from female rats during the darkness hours of diestrus the least attractive. The preputial glands appeared to be(More)
Immunoreactive alpha-MSH was found in human skin and the skin of numerous other mammals. After hypophysectomy the concentration of alpha-MSH in rat skin showed little change suggesting that the pituitary is not the source of this MSH. In human skin the highest concentration was found in the epidermis and HPLC revealed four peaks of immunoreactive alpha-MSH.(More)
This study shows that prostaglandins in human FM55 melanoma cells and epidermal melanocytes are produced by COX-1. Prostaglandin production in FM55 melanoma cells was unrelated to that of melanin suggesting that the two processes can occur independently. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which had no effect on melanin production in FM55 cells,(More)