Anthony J. Roecker

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The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) functions as a bile acid (BA) sensor coordinating cholesterol metabolism, lipid homeostasis, and absorption of dietary fats and vitamins. However, BAs are poor reagents for characterizing FXR functions due to multiple receptor independent properties. Accordingly, using combinatorial chemistry we evolved a small molecule(More)
Despite increased understanding of the biological basis for sleep control in the brain, few novel mechanisms for the treatment of insomnia have been identified in recent years. One notable exception is inhibition of the excitatory neuropeptides orexins A and B by design of orexin receptor antagonists. Herein, we describe how efforts to understand the origin(More)
Orexin is a key neurotransmitter of central arousal and reward circuits in the CNS. Two receptors respond to orexin signaling, Orexin 1 Receptor (OX1R) and Orexin 2 Receptor (OX2R) with partially overlapping brain distributions. Genetic and pharmacological studies suggest orexin receptor antagonists could provide therapeutic benefit for insomnia and other(More)
Orexin (hypocretin) receptor antagonists stand as a model for the development of targeted CNS small-molecule therapeutics. The identification of mutations in the gene for the orexin 2 receptor responsible for canine narcolepsy, the demonstration of a hypersomnolence phenotype in hypocretin knockout mice and the disruption in orexin signaling in narcoleptic(More)
A series of OX(2)R/OX(1)R dual orexin antagonists was prepared based on a proline bis-amide identified as a screening lead. Through a combination of classical and library synthesis, potency enhancing replacements for both amide portions were discovered. N-methylation of the benzimidazole moiety within the lead structure significantly reduced P-gp(More)
The orexin (also known as hypocretin) G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) regulate sleep and other behavioral functions in mammals, and are therapeutic targets for sleep and wake disorders. The human receptors hOX1R and hOX2R, which are 64% identical in sequence, have overlapping but distinct physiological functions and potential therapeutic profiles. We(More)
Psammaplin A is a symmetrical bromotyrosine-derived disulfide natural product isolated from the Psammaplysilla sponge, which exhibits in vitro antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Inspired by the structure of this marine natural product, a combinatorial scrambling strategy for the construction of heterodimeric(More)
Orexins are excitatory neuropeptides that regulate arousal and sleep. Orexin receptor antagonists promote sleep and offer potential as a new therapy for the treatment of insomnia. In this Letter, we describe the synthesis of constrained diazepanes having a 3,9 diazabicyclo[4.2.1]nonane bicyclic core with good oral bioavailability and sleep-promoting(More)
Inspired by previous efforts in the pyrazolobenzoxazine class of KSP inhibitors, the design and synthesis of 1,4-diaryl-4,5-dihydropyrazole inhibitors of KSP are described. Crystallographic evidence of binding mode and in vivo potency data is also highlighted.