Anthony J. Kanai

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In the urinary bladder, the capsaicin-gated ion channel TRPV1 is expressed both within afferent nerve terminals and within the epithelial cells that line the bladder lumen. To determine the significance of this expression pattern, we analyzed bladder function in mice lacking TRPV1. Compared with wild-type littermates, trpv1(-/-) mice had a higher frequency(More)
Increased gap junction expression in lamina propria myofibroblasts and urothelial cells may be involved in detrusor overactivity, leading to incontinence. Immunohistochemistry was used to compare connexin (Cx) 26, 43, and 45 expression in the bladders of neonatal, adult, and spinal cord-transected rats, while optical imaging was used to map the spread of(More)
We have investigated the intracellular signaling mechanisms underlying the release of nitric oxide (NO) evoked by beta-adrenoceptor (AR) agonists in urinary bladder strips and cultured bladder urothelial cells from adult rats. Reverse transcription-PCR revealed that inducible NO synthase and endothelial NOS but not neuronal NOS genes were expressed in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the regulation of the lower urinary tract. However, the source(s) of NO production in the urinary bladder (UB) has not been determined. Accordingly, we used a porphyrinic microsensor placed on the surface of UB strips in vitro to directly measure endogenous NO production. The afferent neurotoxin, capsaicin, and the(More)
This study examined the origin of spontaneous activity in neonatal and adult rat bladders and the effect of stretch and muscarinic agonists and antagonists on spontaneous activity. Rats were anesthetized and their bladders were excised, cannulated, and loaded with voltage- and Ca(2+)-sensitive dyes. Intracellular Ca(2+) and membrane potential transients(More)
Mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS), its cellular NOS isoform, and the effects of mitochondrially produced NO on bioenergetics have been controversial since mtNOS was first proposed in 1995. Here we functionally demonstrate the presence of a NOS in cardiac mitochondria. This was accomplished by direct porphyrinic microsensor measurement of(More)
Non-neuronal release of acetylcholine (ACh) has been proposed to play a role in urinary bladder function. These studies investigated the expression and function of the non-neuronal cholinergic system in cultured urothelial cells isolated from the rat urinary bladder. Our findings have revealed that urothelial cells express the high-affinity choline(More)
PURPOSE Much current research on lower urinary tract physiology focuses on afferent mechanisms. The main goals are to define and control the signaling pathways by which afferent information is generated and conveyed to the central nervous system. We summarize recent research on bladder afferent mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS We systematically reviewed(More)
ATP can be released from a variety of cell types by mechanical stimulation; however, the mechanism for this release and the influence of pathology are not well understood. The present study examined intracellular signaling mechanisms involved in swelling-evoked (exposure to a hypotonic solution) release of ATP in urothelial cells from normal cats and cats(More)