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Trust in Web services will be greatly enhanced if these are subject to run-time verification, even if they were previously tested, since their context of execution is subject to continuous change; and services may also be upgraded without notifying their consumers in advance. Conversational Web services introduce added complexity when it comes to run-time(More)
Formal methods and testing are two important approaches that assist in the development of high-quality software. While traditionally these approaches have been seen as rivals, in recent years a new consensus has developed in which they are seen as complementary. This article reviews the state of the art regarding ways in which the presence of a formal(More)
Service orientation is a new software engineering paradigm that introduces opportunities as well as challenges. Although existing processes and practices can be reused for service oriented development, novel techniques are required to address unique SOA requirements. Work in this area is quite active and only recently is producing some initial results. The(More)
Recent years have seen the utilisation of Semantic Web Service descriptions for automating a wide range of service-related activities, with a primary focus on service discovery, composition, execution and mediation. An important area which so far has received less attention is service validation, whereby advertised services are proven to conform to required(More)
Despite being widely known and accepted in industry, the Z formal specification language has not so far been well supported by automated verification tools, mostly because of the challenges in handling the abstraction of the language. In this paper we discuss a novel approach to building a model-checker for Z, which involves implementing a translation from(More)
Web service behaviour is currently specified in a mixture of ways, often using methods that are only partially complete. These range from static functional specifications, based on interfaces in WSDL and preconditions in RIF, to business process simulations using executable state-based models such as BPEL, to detailed quality of service (QoS) agreements(More)
Growing interest towards cloud application platforms has resulted in a large number of platform offerings to be already available on the market and new related products to be continuously launched. However, there are a number of challenges that prevent cloud application platforms from becoming widely adopted. One such challenge is application portability.(More)