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Glycine uptake governs glycine site occupancy at NMDA receptors of excitatory synapses. J. Neurophysiol. 80: 3336-3340, 1998. At central synapses occupation of glycine binding sites of N-methyl--aspartate receptors (NMDA-Rs) is a necessary prerequisite for the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate to activate these receptors. There is conflicting evidence(More)
Interneuronal electrical coupling via gap junctions and chemical synaptic inhibitory transmission are known to have roles in the generation and synchronization of activity in neuronal networks. Uncertainty exists regarding the roles of these two modes of interneuronal communication in the central respiratory rhythm-generating system. To assess their roles,(More)
Tonic GABAA receptor-mediated current is an important modulator of neuronal excitability, but it is not known if it is present in mammalian motoneurons. To address this question studies were performed using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse hypoglossal motoneurons (HMs) in an in vitro slice preparation. In the presence of blockers of(More)
Analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) and steady-state fluorescence anisotropy were used to measure the equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) for formation of dimers by the amino-terminal domains (ATDs) of the GluA2 and GluA3 subtypes of AMPA receptor. Previous reports on GluA2 dimerization differed in their estimate of the monomer-dimer Kd by a 2,400-fold(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made from 78 phrenic motoneurons (PM) in anesthetized, paralyzed, artificially ventilated cats that were slightly hypercapnic. 2. Three subpopulations of PM (types A, B, and A/B) were identified on the basis of their membrane potential trajectories during expiration (E). Type A cells exhibited wholly linear trajectories.(More)
The actions of ethanol (EtOH) on the respiratory output of the neonatal rat brain stem slice preparation in vitro are described. Ethanol inhibited respiratory-related hypoglossal nerve activity in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of EtOH was evident within 5 min and was reversible on EtOH washout. The actions of EtOH were qualitatively similar to those(More)
In contrast to the current state of knowledge in the field of eukaryotic chromosome segregation, relatively little is known about the mechanisms coordinating the appropriate segregation of bacterial chromosomes. In Escherichia coli, the MukB/E/F complex and topoisomerase IV (Topo IV) are both crucial players in this process. Topo IV removes DNA(More)
The NMDA receptor family of glutamate receptor ion channels is formed by obligate heteromeric assemblies of GluN1, GluN2, and GluN3 subunits. GluN1 and GluN3 bind glycine, whereas GluN2 binds glutamate. Crystal structures of the GluN1 and GluN3A ligand-binding domains (LBDs) in their apo states unexpectedly reveal open- and closed-cleft conformations,(More)
In the companion paper we show that GAD67-GFP+ (GFP+) inhibitory neurons located in the Nucleus of Roller of the mouse brain stem can be classified into two main groups (tonic and phasic) based on their firing patterns in responses to injected depolarizing current steps. In this study we examined the responses of GFP+ cells to fluctuating sinusoidal(More)
In this study we examined the electrophysiological and morphological properties of inhibitory neurons located just ventrolateral to the hypoglossal motor (XII) nucleus in the Nucleus of Roller (NR). In vitro experiments were performed on medullary slices derived from postnatal day 5 (P5) to P15 GAD67-GFP knock-in mouse pups. on cell recordings from GFP+(More)