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Bone bruising demonstrated by MRI is discussed with histological findings and proposed classifications. The effects of the mechanism of injury on bone bruising at the knee and the natural history of the process are reviewed. The relationship of bone bruising to osteochondral sequelae and to osteoarthritis are considered.
Using a new method published by the first author, this chapter shows how knowledge in the form of a ranked data relationship and an induced rule can be directly extracted from each training case for a Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) network with binary inputs. The knowledge extracted from all training cases can be used to validate the MLP network and the… (More)
Using a new method published by the first author, this article shows how direct explanations can be provided to interpret the classification of any input case by a standard multilayer perceptron (MLP) network. The method is demonstrated for a real-world MLP that classifies low-back-pain patients into three diagnostic classes. The application of the method… (More)
This study uses a new data visualization method, developed by the first author, to investigate the reliability of a real world low-back-pain Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) network from a hidden layer decision region perspective. Using decision region identification information from an explanation facility, the MLP training examples are discovered to occupy… (More)