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This prospective study defines the clinical and biochemical features of acromegaly in a large cohort of patients. There was no difference in sex distribution, and for men and women the mean ages at diagnosis (40 +/- 12 and 40 +/- 14 yr, respectively) were similar. Nearly three-quarters of patients were overweight and some 12% severely overweight; the(More)
Somatostatin is a 14 amino acid peptide that inhibits pancreatic exocrine and endocrine secretion. Its clinical application has been limited by its very short half life, necessitating continuous intravenous infusion. Octreotide is an 8 amino acid synthetic analogue of somatostatin that possesses similar pharmacological effects. It has a much longer duration(More)
Initial renal hypertrophy in experimental diabetes is prevented by administration of a long-acting somatostatin analogue octreotide (SMS). To investigate the long-term effects of SMS on renal hypertrophy and urinary albumin excretion (UAE), streptozotocin-diabetic and non-diabetic rats were treated with two daily subcutaneous injections of SMS (100(More)
The SRIH analog octreotide is a potent GH-inhibiting agent that has been used to effectively treat patients with acromegaly. To investigate the morphological changes induced by octreotide on GH-producing pituitary tumors, we examined 86 adenomas from acromegalic patients who participated in a multicenter study. GH- producing pituitary adenomas removed from(More)
The marked pituitary tumor shrinkage achieved by continuous sc infusion (CSI) of the long-acting somatostatin analog octreotide in one acromegalic patient led us to treat 16 other acromegalic patients for up to 24 months by CSI. This therapy, given in doses ranging from 100-600 micrograms/day, resulted in normalization of the mean daily serum GH (mGH) and(More)
This study evaluates the effect of the long acting somatostatin analogue octreotide on biochemical and clinical parameters of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) induced pancreatitis. Altogether 245 patients were randomised to receive either octreotide or isotonic saline. Octreotide (100 micrograms) was administered intravenously five(More)
Ten adolescents (four boys and six girls) aged 11.5 to 17 years, presenting with constitutionally tall stature were treated with twice daily subcutaneous injections of 250 micrograms of SMS 201-995 (Sandostatin). Results are reported after 6 and 12 months of therapy. Reduction of growth rate was obtained in 9 patients and correlated with the reduction of(More)
SMS 201-995, a long-acting somatostatin analog, was given as the initial treatment to an acromegalic patient. SMS 201-995 (200 micrograms, sc, three times daily) reduced, but did not normalize, serum GH levels. Complete and prolonged control of GH secretion was obtained with a 600-micrograms daily continuous sc infusion (CSI), and the patient was treated in(More)
The somatostatin analog, octreotide, is an inhibitor of growth hormone (GH) secretion that has been used to treat patients with GH-producing pituitary tumors. In this study we investigated the in vivo responsiveness to treatment with this analog in patients harboring different morphological types of GH-producing pituitary adenomas. Both GH and insulin-like(More)
The safety of long-term inhaled corticosteroid therapy at commonly prescribed doses is an issue of growing concern to physicians and international regulatory bodies. This is so because long-term use of these drugs has become the mainstay of chronic asthma management and their introduction now is widely recommended in official treatment guidelines at the(More)