Anthony G. Wedd

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Metal-hyperaccumulating plants have the ability to take up extraordinary quantities of certain metal ions without succumbing to toxic effects. Most hyperaccumulators select for particular metals but the mechanisms of selection are not understood at the molecular level. While there are many metal-binding biomolecules, this review focuses only on ligands that(More)
CueO from Escherichia coli is a multicopper oxidase (MCO) involved in copper tolerance under aerobic conditions. It features four copper atoms that act as electron transfer (T1) and dioxygen reduction (T2, T3; trinuclear) sites. In addition, it displays a methionine-rich insert which includes a helix that blocks physical access to the T1 site and which(More)
es that three soluble proteins (PcoA, PcoC, PcoE in E. coli) are expressed to the periplasm, that two copper pumps (PcoB, PcoD) are present in the outer and inner membranes, and that there is a copper sensing system (PcoS, PcoR). PcoC and CopC are highly homologous b-barrels (~11 kDa) that bind both Cu and Cu at sites separated by about 30 6. These sites(More)
A key property of metallo-proteins and -enzymes is the affinity of metal ion M for protein ligand P as defined by the dissociation constant KD = [M][P]/[MP]. Its accurate determination is essential for a quantitative understanding of metal selection and speciation. However, the surfaces of proteins are defined by the sidechains of amino acids and so abound(More)
The cytosolic C-terminal domain of the membrane copper transporter Ctr1 from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ctr1c, was expressed in E. coli as an oxygen-sensitive soluble protein with no significant secondary structure. Visible-UV spectroscopy demonstrated that Ctr1c bound four Cu(I) ions, structurally identified as a Cu(I)(4)(micro-S-Cys)(6) cluster(More)
A new fluorescent probe Aβ16wwa based upon the Aβ16 peptide has been developed with two orders of magnitude greater fluorescence intensity for sensitive detection of interactions with Cu(II). In combination with the Cu(I) probe Ferene S, it is confirmed that the Aβ16 peptide binds either Cu(I) or Cu(II) with comparable affinities at pH 7.4 (log K = -10.4;(More)
The development of synthetic biology requires rapid batch construction of large gene networks from combinations of smaller units. Despite the availability of computational predictions for well-characterized enzymes, the optimization of most synthetic biology projects requires combinational constructions and tests. A new building-brick-style parallel DNA(More)
Five different metal-substituted forms of Clostridium pasteurianum rubredoxin have been prepared and crystallized. The single Fe atom present in the Fe(S-Cys)(4) site of the native form of the protein was exchanged in turn for Co, Ni, Ga, Cd and Hg. All five forms of rubredoxin crystallized in space group R3 and were isomorphous with the native protein. The(More)
Reference potential scales are not generally available in ionic liquids. Consequently, comparison of data with those obtained in conventional solvent (electrolyte) media is not possible. The process [Co(Cp)2](+/0) (Co(Cp)2 = cobaltocene) has been studied at gold, glassy carbon and platinum macrodisk electrodes to test the feasibility of using this redox(More)
Expression of the periplasmic protein PcoE of Escherichia coli is induced strongly by cupric salts under the control of the chromosomal copper tolerance system cusRS. Its isolation and study were complicated by de-amidation of Asn 54 and 103 at alkaline pH. Its apo form is essentially unstructured in solution and can be likened to a large unstructured(More)