Anthony G Dylla

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Electric vehicles and grid storage devices have potentialto become feasible alternatives to current technology, but only if scientists can develop energy storage materials that offer high capacity and high rate capabilities. Chemists have studied anatase, rutile, brookite and TiO2(B) (bronze) in both bulk and nanostructured forms as potential Li-ion battery(More)
Nonaqueous solvents in modern battery technologies undergo electroreduction at negative electrodes, leading to the formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI). The mechanisms and reactions leading to a stable SEI on silicon electrodes in lithium-ion batteries are still poorly understood. This lack of understanding inhibits the rational design of(More)
Here, we present the Li(+) insertion behavior of mesoporous ordered TiO(2)(B) nanoparticles (meso-TiO(2)(B)). Using presynthesized 4 nm TiO(2)(B) nanoparticles as building blocks and a commercially available ethylene glycol-propylene glycol block copolymer (P123) as a structure-directing agent, we were able to produce mesoporous structures of high-purity(More)
The synthesis and characterization of Sn nanoparticles in organic solvents using sixth-generation dendrimers modified on their periphery with hydrophobic groups as stabilizers are reported. Sn(2+):dendrimer ratios of 147 and 225 were employed for the synthesis, corresponding to formation of Sn147 and Sn225 dendrimer-stabilized nanoparticles (DSNs).(More)
We investigate the source of Raman background signal commonly misidentified as fluorescence in nonaqueous electrolytes via a variety of spectroscopies (Raman, fluorescence, NMR) and find evidence of hydrogen-bonding interactions. This hydrogen bonding gives rise to broadband anharmonic vibrational modes and suggests that anions play an important and(More)
Previous studies of the size dependent properties of LiFePO4 have focused on the diffusion rate or phase transformation pathways by bulk analysis techniques such as x-ray diffraction (XRD), neutron diffraction and electrochemistry. In this work, in situ Raman spectroscopy was used to study the surface phase change during charge and self-discharge on a more(More)
Anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) utilizing Ni/Ceria-YSZ composite anode architectures were designed, built, and tested on hydrogen and syngas fuel feeds to evaluate the effect of adding ceria (CeO 2) to Ni/YSZ anodes. All anodes were approximately 1.0 mm thick and composed of two layers: a thick, high-porosity support layer and a thin(More)
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