Anthony Fisher

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Ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A), a neurotoxic choline analog, was evaluated for its interactions with the cholinergic system in mice. Parenterally administered AF64A was lethal (LD50 = 32.6 mumol/kg i.v.) and the lethality could be antagonized even at 8 LD50 doses by pretreatment with choline (714 mumol/kg i.p.) 2 min earlier. Mice that were(More)
BACKGROUND Cathepsin K (catK), a lysosomal cysteine protease, was identified in a gene-profiling experiment that compared human early plaques, advanced stable plaques, and advanced atherosclerotic plaques containing a thrombus, where it was highly upregulated in advanced stable plaques. METHODS AND RESULTS To assess the function of catK in(More)
This study examined the acute effects of a variety of NMDA and non-NMDA antagonists on the activity of aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) in the corpus striatum (CS) and substantia nigra (SN) of the rat. Sixty min pretreatment with the high affinity NMDA receptor-channel blockers MK 801 (0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg/kg) and phencyclidine (4 mg/kg) elevated(More)
The role of angiotensin II via the angiotensin type 1 or type 2 receptor in the development of cardiac hypertrophy was determined in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to coarctation of the abdominal aorta. Five groups of animals were studied: coarctation, coarctation plus DuP 753, coarctation plus PD 123319, sham plus DuP 753, or sham operation. Type(More)
The comparative effects of L-3,4-dihydroxphenylalanine (L-DOPA) on dopamine synthesis, release and behaviour were studied in the reserpine-treated rat. Acute administration of L-DOPA (25-200 mg/kg) dose-dependently inhibited the activity of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) in the substantia nigra and corpus striatum. The antiparkinsonian drugs(More)
The success of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from HLA-disparate donors depends on the development of new strategies able, on one hand, to efficiently prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and, on the other hand, to protect leukemic patients from relapse and infections. Using an immunotoxin (IT) directed against the alpha chain (p55) of the human(More)
A loss in the number of functional, sodium ion-dependent, high-affinity choline transport sites was observed in the cortex and hippocampus of mice given an intracerebroventricular injection of 65 nanomoles of AF64A (ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion) 3 days earlier. Such an effect was not observed in the striatum. This effect of AF64A represents a(More)