Anthony E. Pegg

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Polyamines are ubiquitous organic cations of low molecular weight. The content of these amines is closely regulated by the cell according to the state of growth. The reactions responsible for the biosynthesis and interconversion of the polyamines and their precursor putrescine are described and the means by which polyamine content can be varied in response(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) initiates the polyamine biosynthetic pathway. The amount of ODC is altered in response to many growth factors, oncogenes, and tumor promoters and to changes in polyamine levels. Susceptibility to tumor development is increased in transgenic mice expressing high levels of ODC and is decreased in mice with reduced ODC due to loss(More)
*6162 Tumor Promoter-stimulated M, 92,000 Gelatinase Secreted by Normal and Malignant Human Cells: Isolation and Characteriza tion of the Enzyme from HT1080 Tumor Cells. Ute M. Moll. Gary L. Youngleib. Karen B. Rosinski, and James P. Quigley. *6171 Rearrangements in the Human T-Cell-Receptor a-Chain Locus in Patients with Adult T-Cell Leukemia(More)
The predominant pathway for the repair of O(6)-methylguanine in DNA is via the activity of an alkyltransferase protein that transfers the methyl group to a cysteine acceptor site on the protein itself. This review article describes recent studies on this alkyltransferase. The protein repairs not only methyl groups but also 2-chloroethyl-, benzyl- and(More)
O6-Alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase was rapidly and irreversibly inactivated by exposure to O6-benzylguanine or the p-chlorobenzyl and p-methylbenzyl analogues. This inactivation was much more rapid than with O6-methylguanine: incubation with 2.5 microM O6-benzylguanine led to more than a 90% loss of activity within 10 min, whereas 0.2 mM O6-methylguanine(More)
Polyamines are ubiquitous small basic molecules that play multiple essential roles in mammalian physiology. Their cellular content is highly regulated and there is convincing evidence that altered metabolism is involvement in many disease states. Drugs altering polyamine levels may therefore have a variety of important targets. This review will summarize(More)
In addition to polyamine homoeostasis, it has become increasingly clear that polyamine catabolism can play a dominant role in drug response, apoptosis and the response to stressful stimuli, and contribute to the aetiology of several pathological states, including cancer. The highly inducible enzymes SSAT (spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase) and SMO(More)
In order to understand the structure and regulation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, cDNA clones encoding this enzyme have been isolated from rat prostate and human fibroblast cDNA libraries. The authenticity of the cDNAs was verified by: (a) transfecting the Chinese hamster ovary cells with the human cDNA in the pcD vector which resulted in a(More)
Spermidine/spermine-N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) regulates cellular polyamine content. Its acetylated products are either excreted from the cell or oxidized by acetylpolyamine oxidase. Since polyamines play critical roles in normal and neoplastic growth and in ion channel regulation, SSAT is a key enzyme in these processes. SSAT is very highly regulated.(More)