Anthony E. Brown

Learn More
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) exhibits high genetic diversity, characterized by regional variations in genotype prevalence. This poses a challenge to the improved development of vaccines and pan-genotypic treatments, which require the consideration of global trends in HCV genotype prevalence. Here we provide the first comprehensive survey of these(More)
Heritable RNA interference (RNAi), triggered from stably expressed transgenes with an inverted repeat (IR) configuration, is an important tool for reverse genetic studies. Here we report on the development of stable RNAi in Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes, the major vector of human malaria in Asia. Trans genic mosquitoes stably expressing a RNAi transgene,(More)
BACKGROUND Primary immunodeficiencies are inborn errors of immunity that lead to life threatening conditions. These predispositions describe human immunity in natura and highlight the important function of components of the Toll-IL-1- receptor-nuclear factor kappa B (TIR-NF-kappaB) pathway. Since the TIR-NF-kappaB circuit is a conserved component of the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype-3a infection is now the dominant strain in South Asia and the UK. Characteristic features include a favourable response to therapy; the reasons for this are unknown but may include distinct genotype-3a-specific T cell immunity. In contrast to genotype-1 infection, T cell immunity to this subtype is poorly defined.(More)
BACKGROUND In 2006, the National Health Service Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England (NHSBCSP) began offering routine population-based biennial faecal occult blood testing (FOBt) at ages 60-69. There is, however, limited information on how characteristics of individuals affect participation and outcomes of screening, and we studied this association(More)
BACKGROUND Regular clinical care is important for the well-being of people with HIV. We sought to audit and describe the characteristics of adults with diagnosed HIV infection not reported to be attending for clinical care in the UK. METHODS Public Health England (PHE) provided clinics with lists of patients diagnosed or seen for specialist HIV care in(More)
Viral diversity is a challenge to the development of a hepatitis C virus (HCV) vaccine. Following vaccination of humans with adenoviral vectors, we determined the capacity of T cells to target common viral variants at immundominant epitopes ex vivo. We identified two major variants for epitopes NS3(1073) and NS3(1446), and multiple variants for epitope(More)
UNLABELLED Adenoviral vectors encoding hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural (NS) proteins induce multispecific, high-magnitude, durable CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses in healthy volunteers. We assessed the capacity of these vaccines to induce functional HCV-specific immune responses and determine T-cell cross-reactivity to endogenous virus in patients(More)
To the Editor: We report hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection rates in 3 South Pacific island countries—Papua New Guinea (PNG), Fiji, and Kiriba-ti—determined from results of HEV IgG testing. During 2003–2005, specimens were collected from volunteers as part of a study of the epidemiology of viral hepatitis (1,2). Participants recruited were apparently healthy(More)
Affordable next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies for hepatitis C virus (HCV) may potentially identify both viral genotype and resistance genetic motifs in the era of directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapies. This study compared the ability of high-throughput NGS methods to generate full-length, deep, HCV sequence data sets and evaluated their(More)