Anthony Dunster Whittemore

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OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a clinical prediction rule for postoperative delirium using data available to clinicians preoperatively. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING General surgery, orthopedic surgery, and gynecology services at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass. PATIENTS Consenting patients older than 50 years admitted for(More)
BACKGROUND Thinning of the tunica media and rarefaction of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) characterize aneurysmal aortas. Apoptosis determines the cellularity and morphogenesis of tissue. Macrophages and T lymphocytes infiltrate the wall of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and produce death-promoting proteins (perforin, Fas, and FasL). This study investigated(More)
Hypertension Hypertension is the most powerful, prevalent, and treatable risk factor for stroke. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure are independently related to stroke incidence. Isolated systolic hypertension, which is common in the elderly, also considerably increases risk of stroke. Reduction of elevated blood pressure significantly lowers risk(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-cycle blockade by ex-vivo gene therapy of experimental vein grafts inhibits the neointimal hyperplasia and subsequent accelerated atherosclerosis that lead to human bypass-graft failure. In a prospective, randomised, controlled trial, we investigated the safety and biological efficacy of intraoperative gene therapy in patients receiving(More)
UNLABELLED Patients undergoing vascular surgery have a high risk of suffering major postoperative cardiac events. Preoperative myocardial ischemia as detected by Holter monitoring identifies a high-risk subgroup whose postoperative ischemia, similarly detected, seems to herald major cardiac events. In this study, we determined whether systematic,(More)
BACKGROUND Although abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) exhibit increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the functional balance between MMPs and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) remains uncertain. This report compares the proteolytic activity in normal aorta, aorto-occlusive disease (AOD), and AAA by use of a novel in situ zymographic(More)
Over a 4-year interval, 324 arteriovenous conduits were created in 256 patients with end-stage renal disease as access for chronic hemodialysis. These included 154 Cimino fistulae, 163 polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts, and seven miscellaneous grafts. Satisfactory patency rates were demonstrated for as long as 4 years for both Cimino fistulae and PTFE(More)
BACKGROUND Serious medication errors are common in hospitals and often occur during order transcription or administration of medication. To help prevent such errors, technology has been developed to verify medications by incorporating bar-code verification technology within an electronic medication-administration system (bar-code eMAR). METHODS We(More)
Vein graft stenosis remains an important contributing factor to the failure of infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. Repair of these lesions before graft occlusion provides sustained patency, yet the optimal method of repair has not been established. Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty of these vein graft lesions has been repeatedly advocated as(More)
A prospective randomized controlled trial compared forced infusion (FI) of urokinase (UK) with conventional slow continuous infusion (CI) in 25 patients with 25 acutely ischemic lower limbs. Demographics, ischemia categories, and infusion rates and doses were similar for both groups. A preliminary single-pass bolus of UK was injected into the thrombus in(More)